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This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Liberia. There are the mammal species in Liberia, of which 0 are critically endangered, 9 are endangered, 12 are vulnerable, and 9 are near-threatened.

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

Subclass: Theria




ZSL and Pygmy Hippos - http://www.zsl.org Footage of Ben Collen and Tracey Lee working with pygmy hippos - one in Liberia, one at ZSL London Zoo. Pygmy hippos survive two civil ...

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Afrosoricida (tenrecs and golden moles)


The order Afrosoricida contains the golden moles of southern Africa and the tenrecs of Madagascar and Africa, two families of small mammals that were traditionally part of the order Insectivora.

  • Family: Tenrecidae (tenrecs)
    • Subfamily: Potamogalinae
      • Genus: Micropotamogale
        • Nimba otter shrew Micropotamogale lamottei EN

Order: Hyracoidea (hyraxes)


The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stmpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

  • Family: Procaviidae (hyraxes)
    • Genus: Dendrohyrax
      • Western tree hyrax Dendrohyrax dorsalis LC

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)


The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

  • Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
    • Genus: Loxodonta
      • African bush elephant Loxodonta africana VU

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)


Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

  • Family: Trichechidae
    • Genus: Trichechus
      • African manatee Trichechus senegalensis VU

Order: Primates


The order Primates contains humans and their closest relatives: lemurs, lorisoids, tarsiers, monkeys, and apes.

  • Suborder: Strepsirrhini
    • Infraorder: Lemuriformes
      • Superfamily: Lorisoidea
        • Family: Lorisidae (lorises, bushbabies)
          • Genus: Perodicticus
            • Potto Perodicticus potto LR/lc
        • Family: Galagidae
          • Genus: Galagoides
            • Prince Demidoff's bushbaby Galago demidovii LR/lc
          • Genus: Galago
            • Senegal Bushbaby Galago senegalensis LR/lc
  • Suborder: Haplorhini
    • Infraorder: Simiiformes
      • Parvorder: Catarrhini
        • Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
          • Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
            • Genus: Chlorocebus
              • Green monkey Chlorocebus sabaeus LR/lc
            • Genus: Cercopithecus
              • Campbell's mona monkey Cercopithecus campbelli LR/lc
              • Diana monkey Cercopithecus diana EN
              • Greater spot-nosed monkey Cercopithecus nictitans LR/lc
              • Lesser spot-nosed monkey Cercopithecus petaurista LR/lc
            • Genus: Cercocebus
              • Sooty mangabey Cercocebus atys LR/nt
              • Collared mangabey Cercocebus torquatus LR/nt
            • Subfamily: Colobinae
              • Genus: Colobus
                • King colobus Colobus polykomos LR/nt
              • Genus: Procolobus
                • Red colobus Procolobus badius EN
                • Olive colobus Procolobus verus LR/nt
        • Superfamily: Hominoidea
          • Family: Hominidae (humans)
            • Subfamily: Homininae
              • Tribe: Panini
                • Genus: Pan
                  • Common chimpanzee Pan troglodytes EN

Order: Rodentia (rodents)


Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

  • Suborder: Hystricognathi
    • Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
      • Genus: Atherurus
        • African brush-tailed porcupine Atherurus africanus LC
      • Genus: Hystrix
        • Crested porcupine Hystrix cristata LC
    • Family: Thryonomyidae (cane rats)
      • Genus: Thryonomys
        • Greater cane rat Thryonomys swinderianus LC
  • Suborder: Sciurognathi
    • Family: Anomaluridae
      • Subfamily: Anomalurinae
        • Genus: Anomalurus
          • Lord Derby's scaly-tailed squirrel Anomalurus derbianus LC
          • Pel's scaly-tailed squirrel Anomalurus pelii NT
        • Genus: Anomalurops
          • Beecroft's scaly-tailed squirrel Anomalurops beecrofti LC
      • Subfamily: Zenkerellinae
        • Genus: Idiurus
          • Long-eared flying mouse Idiurus macrotis LC
    • Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
      • Subfamily: Xerinae
        • Tribe: Protoxerini
          • Genus: Epixerus
            • Western palm squirrel Epixerus ebii DD
          • Genus: Funisciurus
            • Fire-footed rope squirrel Funisciurus pyrropus LC
          • Genus: Heliosciurus
            • Gambian sun squirrel Heliosciurus gambianus LC
            • Small sun squirrel Heliosciurus punctatus DD
            • Red-legged sun squirrel Heliosciurus rufobrachium LC
          • Genus: Paraxerus
            • Green bush squirrel Paraxerus poensis LC
          • Genus: Protoxerus
            • Slender-tailed squirrel Protoxerus aubinnii DD
            • Forest giant squirrel Protoxerus stangeri LC
    • Family: Gliridae (dormice)
      • Subfamily: Graphiurinae
        • Genus: Graphiurus
          • Jentink's dormouse Graphiurus crassicaudatus DD
          • Lorrain dormouse Graphiurus lorraineus LC
          • Nagtglas's African dormouse Graphiurus nagtglasii LC
    • Family: Nesomyidae
      • Subfamily: Dendromurinae
        • Genus: Dendromus
          • Gray climbing mouse Dendromus melanotis LC
      • Subfamily: Cricetomyinae
        • Genus: Cricetomys
          • Emin's pouched rat Cricetomys emini LC
    • Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
      • Subfamily: Deomyinae
        • Genus: Lophuromys
          • Rusty-bellied brush-furred rat Lophuromys sikapusi LC
        • Genus: Uranomys
          • Rudd's mouse Uranomys ruddi LC
      • Subfamily: Gerbillinae
        • Genus: Tatera
          • Guinean gerbil Tatera guineae LC
          • Kemp's gerbil Tatera kempi LC
      • Subfamily: Murinae
        • Genus: Arvicanthis
          • Guinean grass rat Arvicanthis rufinus LC
        • Genus: Colomys
          • African wading rat Colomys goslingi LC
        • Genus: Dasymys
          • West African shaggy rat Dasymys rufulus LC
        • Genus: Dephomys
          • Defua rat Dephomys defua LC
          • Ivory Coast rat Dephomys eburnea LC
        • Genus: Grammomys
          • Bunting's thicket rat Grammomys buntingi DD
          • Shining thicket rat Grammomys rutilans LC
        • Genus: Hybomys
          • Miller's striped mouse Hybomys planifrons LC
          • Temminck's striped mouse Hybomys trivirgatus LC
        • Genus: Hylomyscus
          • Allen's wood mouse Hylomyscus alleni LC
        • Genus: Lemniscomys
          • Typical striped grass mouse Lemniscomys striatus LC
        • Genus: Malacomys
          • Cansdale's swamp rat Malacomys cansdalei LC
          • Edward's swamp rat Malacomys edwardsi LC
        • Genus: Mastomys
          • Guinea multimammate mouse Mastomys erythroleucus LC
        • Genus: Mus
          • African pygmy mouse Mus minutoides LC
          • Peters's mouse Mus setulosus LC
        • Genus: Mylomys
          • African groove-toothed rat Mylomys dybowskii LC
        • Genus: Oenomys
          • Ghana rufous-nosed rat Oenomys ornatus DD
        • Genus: Praomys
          • Dalton's mouse Praomys daltoni LC
          • Forest soft-furred mouse Praomys rostratus LC
          • Tullberg's soft-furred mouse Praomys tullbergi LC

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)


The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

  • Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
    • Subfamily: Erinaceinae
      • Genus: Atelerix
        • Four-toed hedgehog Atelerix albiventris LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons)


The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers.

  • Family: Soricidae (shrews)
    • Subfamily: Crocidurinae
      • Genus: Crocidura
        • Buettikofer's shrew Crocidura buettikoferi LC
        • Crosse's shrew Crocidura crossei LC
        • Dent's shrew Crocidura denti LC
        • Doucet's musk shrew Crocidura douceti DD
        • Large-headed shrew Crocidura grandiceps NT
        • Lamotte's shrew Crocidura lamottei LC
        • West African long-tailed shrew Crocidura muricauda LC
        • Nimba shrew Crocidura nimbae VU
        • African giant shrew Crocidura olivieri LC
        • Fraser's musk shrew Crocidura poensis LC
        • Therese's shrew Crocidura theresae LC
      • Genus: Sylvisorex
        • Climbing shrew Sylvisorex megalura LC

Order: Chiroptera (bats)


The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

  • Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
    • Subfamily: Pteropodinae
      • Genus: Eidolon
        • Straw-coloured fruit bat Eidolon helvum LC
      • Genus: Epomophorus
        • Gambian epauletted fruit bat Epomophorus gambianus LC
      • Genus: Epomops
        • Buettikofer's epauletted fruit bat Epomops buettikoferi LC
      • Genus: Hypsignathus
        • Hammer-headed bat Hypsignathus monstrosus LC
      • Genus: Lissonycteris
        • Smith's fruit bat Lissonycteris smithi LC
      • Genus: Micropteropus
        • Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat Micropteropus pusillus LC
      • Genus: Myonycteris
        • Little collared fruit bat Myonycteris torquata LC
      • Genus: Nanonycteris
        • Veldkamp's dwarf epauletted fruit bat Nanonycteris veldkampi LC
      • Genus: Rousettus
        • Egyptian fruit bat Rousettus aegyptiacus LC
      • Genus: Scotonycteris
        • Pohle's fruit bat Scotonycteris ophiodon EN
        • Zenker's fruit bat Scotonycteris zenkeri NT
    • Subfamily: Macroglossinae
      • Genus: Megaloglossus
        • Woermann's bat Megaloglossus woermanni LC
  • Family: Vespertilionidae
    • Subfamily: Kerivoulinae
      • Genus: Kerivoula
        • Lesser woolly bat Kerivoula lanosa LC
        • Spurrell's woolly bat Kerivoula phalaena NT
    • Subfamily: Myotinae
      • Genus: Myotis
        • Rufous mouse-eared bat Myotis bocagii LC
        • Cape hairy bat Myotis tricolor LC
    • Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
      • Genus: Glauconycteris
        • Abo bat Glauconycteris poensis LC
      • Genus: Mimetillus
        • Moloney's mimic bat Mimetillus moloneyi LC
      • Genus: Neoromicia
        • Dark-brown serotine Neoromicia brunneus NT
        • Cape serotine Neoromicia capensis LC
        • Banana pipistrelle Neoromicia nanus LC
        • Somali serotine Neoromicia somalicus LC
        • White-winged serotine Neoromicia tenuipinnis LC
      • Genus: Pipistrellus
        • Tiny pipistrelle Pipistrellus nanulus LC
      • Genus: Scotophilus
        • African yellow bat Scotophilus dinganii LC
        • Nut-colored yellow bat Scotophilus nux LC
    • Subfamily: Miniopterinae
      • Genus: Miniopterus
        • Greater long-fingered bat Miniopterus inflatus LC
        • Common bent-wing bat Miniopterus schreibersii LC
  • Family: Molossidae
    • Genus: Chaerephon
      • Gland-tailed free-tailed bat Chaerephon bemmeleni LC
      • Lappet-eared free-tailed bat Chaerephon major LC
      • Little free-tailed bat Chaerephon pumila LC
    • Genus: Mops
      • Sierra Leone free-tailed bat Mops brachypterus LC
      • Spurrell's free-tailed bat Mops spurrelli LC
      • Railer bat Mops thersites LC
  • Family: Emballonuridae
    • Genus: Saccolaimus
      • Pel's pouched bat Saccolaimus peli NT
  • Family: Nycteridae
    • Genus: Nycteris
      • Bate's slit-faced bat Nycteris arge LC
      • Large slit-faced bat Nycteris grandis LC
      • Hairy slit-faced bat Nycteris hispida LC
      • Intermediate slit-faced bat Nycteris intermedia NT
      • Large-eared slit-faced bat Nycteris macrotis LC
      • Ja slit-faced bat Nycteris major VU
      • Egyptian slit-faced bat Nycteris thebaica LC
  • Family: Rhinolophidae
    • Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
      • Genus: Rhinolophus
        • Halcyon horseshoe bat Rhinolophus alcyone LC
        • Rüppell's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus fumigatus LC
        • Guinean horseshoe bat Rhinolophus guineensis VU
        • Hill's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hillorum VU
        • Lander's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus landeri LC
        • Bushveld horseshoe bat Rhinolophus simulator LC
        • Rhinolophus ziama EN
    • Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
      • Genus: Hipposideros
        • Benito roundleaf bat Hipposideros beatus LC
        • Cyclops roundleaf bat Hipposideros cyclops LC
        • Sooty roundleaf bat Hipposideros fuliginosus NT
        • Jones's roundleaf bat Hipposideros jonesi NT
        • Aellen's roundleaf bat Hipposideros marisae EN
        • Noack's roundleaf bat Hipposideros ruber LC

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)


The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

  • Family: Manidae
    • Genus: Manis
      • Giant pangolin Manis gigantea LR/lc
      • Long-tailed pangolin Manis tetradactyla LR/lc
      • Tree pangolin Manis tricuspis LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)


The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

  • Suborder: Mysticeti
    • Family: Balaenopteridae
      • Subfamily: Balaenopterinae
        • Genus: Balaenoptera
          • Common minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata VU
          • Sei whale Balaenoptera borealis EN
          • Bryde's whale Balaenoptera brydei EN
          • Blue whale Balaenoptera musculus EN
          • Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus EN
      • Subfamily: Megapterinae
        • Genus: Megaptera
          • Humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae VU
  • Suborder: Odontoceti
    • Superfamily: Platanistoidea
      • Family: Phocoenidae
        • Genus: Phocoena
          • Harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena VU
      • Family: Physeteridae
        • Genus: Physeter
          • Sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus VU
      • Family: Kogiidae
        • Genus: Kogia
          • Pygmy sperm whale Kogia breviceps DD
          • Dwarf sperm whale Kogia sima DD
      • Family: Ziphidae
        • Genus: Mesoplodon
          • Blainville's beaked whale Mesoplodon densirostris DD
          • Gervais' beaked whale Mesoplodon europaeus DD
        • Genus: Ziphius
          • Cuvier's beaked whale Ziphius cavirostris DD
      • Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
        • Genus: Orca
          • Killer whale Orcinus orca DD
        • Genus: Feresa
          • Pygmy killer whale Feresa attenuata DD
        • Genus: Pseudorca
          • False killer whale Pseudorca crassidens DD
        • Genus: Delphinus
          • Short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis LR/cd
        • Genus: Lagenodelphis
          • Fraser's dolphin Lagenodelphis hosei DD
        • Genus: Stenella
          • Pantropical spotted dolphin Stenella attenuata LR/cd
          • Clymene dolphin Stenella clymene DD
          • Striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba DD
          • Atlantic spotted dolphin Stenella frontalis DD
          • Spinner dolphin Stenella longirostris LR/cd
        • Genus: Steno
          • Rough-toothed dolphin Steno bredanensis DD
        • Genus: Tursiops
          • Common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus LC
        • Genus: Globicephala
          • Short-finned pilot whale Globicephala macrorhynchus DD
        • Genus: Grampus
          • Risso's dolphin Grampus griseus DD
        • Genus: Peponocephala
          • Melon-headed whale Peponocephala electra DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)

There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which feed primarily on meat. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

  • Suborder: Feliformia
    • Family: Felidae (cats)
      • Subfamily: Felinae
        • Genus: Leptailurus
          • Serval Leptailurus serval LC
        • Genus: Profelis
          • African golden cat Profelis aurata NT
      • Subfamily: Pantherinae
        • Genus: Panthera
          • Leopard Panthera pardus NT
    • Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
      • Subfamily: Viverrinae
        • Genus: Civettictis
          • African civet Civettictis civetta LR/lc
        • Genus: Genetta
          • Common genet Genetta genetta LR/lc
          • Johnston's genet Genetta johnstoni DD
          • Rusty-spotted genet Genetta maculata LR/lc
        • Genus: Poiana
          • Leighton's linsang Poiana leightoni DD
          • African linsang Poiana richardsonii LR/lc
    • Family: Nandiniidae
      • Genus: Nandinia
        • African palm civet Nandinia binotata LR/lc
    • Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
      • Genus: Atilax
        • Marsh mongoose Atilax paludinosus LR/lc
      • Genus: Crossarchus
        • Common kusimanse Crossarchus obscurus LR/lc
      • Genus: Galerella
        • Slender mongoose Galerella sanguinea LR/lc
      • Genus: Herpestes
        • Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon LR/lc
      • Genus: Liberiictis
        • Liberian mongoose Liberiictis kuhni EN
  • Suborder: Caniformia
    • Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
      • Genus: Ictonyx
        • Striped polecat Ictonyx striatus LR/lc
      • Genus: Mellivora
        • Ratel Mellivora capensis LR/lc
      • Genus: Lutra
        • Speckle-throated otter Lutra maculicollis LC
      • Genus: Aonyx
        • African clawless otter Aonyx capensis LC

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)


The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

  • Family: Suidae (pigs)
    • Subfamily: Phacochoerinae
      • Genus: Phacochoerus
        • Common warthog Phacochoerus africanus LR/lc
    • Subfamily: Suinae
      • Genus: Hylochoerus
        • Giant forest hog Hylochoerus meinertzhageni LR/lc
      • Genus: Potamochoerus
        • Red river hog Potamochoerus porcus LR/lc
  • Family: Hippopotamidae (hippopotamuses)
    • Genus: Choeropsis
      • Pygmy hippopotamus Choeropsis liberiensis EN
    • Genus: Hippopotamus
      • Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius VU
  • Family: Tragulidae
    • Genus: Hyemoschus
      • Hyemoschus aquaticus DD
  • Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
    • Subfamily: Antilopinae
      • Genus: Neotragus
        • Royal antelope Neotragus pygmaeus LR/nt
    • Subfamily: Bovinae
      • Genus: Syncerus
        • African buffalo Syncerus caffer LR/cd
      • Genus: Tragelaphus
        • Bongo Tragelaphus eurycerus LR/nt
        • Bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus LR/lc
    • Subfamily: Cephalophinae
      • Genus: Cephalophus
        • Bay duiker Cephalophus dorsalis LR/nt
        • Jentink's duiker Cephalophus jentinki VU
        • Maxwell's duiker Cephalophus maxwellii LR/nt
        • Blue duiker Cephalophus monticola LR/lc
        • Black duiker Cephalophus niger LR/nt
        • Ogilby's duiker Cephalophus ogilbyi LR/nt
        • Yellow-backed duiker Cephalophus silvicultor LR/nt
        • Zebra duiker Cephalophus zebra VU

See also


Monkey Island - The Liberian Island Inhabited by Chimpanzees ...
  • Wildlife of Liberia

Notes


1029-large-guinea-forests-map.png

References


Liberia Facts for KidsEasy Science For Kids
  • "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Liberia". IUCN. 2001. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  • "Mammal Species of the World". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 2005. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  • "Animal Diversity Web". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 1995â€"2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 

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