Jumat, 12 Juni 2015

A list of drugs used in veterinary medicine.


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  • Acepromazine â€" Neuroleptic drug related to chlorpromazine used as a sedative and antiemetic.
  • Alprazolam â€" (trade name Xanax); used to treat anxiety
  • Amantadine â€" as an analgesic for chronic pain ( this drug is not used in the veterinary field)
  • Amitraz â€" Antiparasitic used to control ticks, mites, lice and other animal pests. Cannot be used on horses.
  • Amitriptyline â€" Tricyclic antidepressant used to treat separation anxiety, excessive grooming and spraying in dogs and cats.
  • Amlodipine â€" Calcium channel blocker used to decrease blood pressure
  • Amoxicillin â€" Antibiotic indicated for susceptible Gram-positive and Gram-negative infections. Ineffective against species that produce beta-lactamase.
  • Apomorphine â€" Opioid emetic (used to induce vomiting)
  • Artificial tears â€" lubricant eye drops used to treat keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Atenolol â€" to treat arrythmias, hypertension, and other cardiovascular disorders
  • Atipamezole â€" alpha2-adrenergic antagonist used to reverse the sedative and analgesic effects of dexmedetomidine and medetomidine in dogs.


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  • Benazepril â€" ACE-inhibitor used in heart failure, hypertension, chronic renal failure and protein-losing nephropathy.
  • Boldenone â€" anabolic steroid for treatment of horses.
  • Buprenorphine â€" narcotic for pain relief in cats after surgery
  • Butorphanol â€" mu agonist/kappa antagonist, used as a cough suppressant and for a muscle relaxation effect in horses


Routes Of Drug Administration Abbreviations
  • Carprofen â€" COX-2 selective NSAID used to relieve pain and inflammation in dogs. Anecdotal reports of severe GI effects in cats.
  • Cefovecin â€" Cephalosporin-class antibiotic used to treat skin infections in dogs and cats.
  • Cefpodoxime â€" Antibiotic
  • Cephalexin â€" Antibiotic, particularly useful for susceptible Staphylococcus infections.
  • Chloramphenicol â€" treats anaerobic bacterial infections, both Gram-positive and -negative. Crosses blood-brain barrier, useful in treatment of meningitis
  • Cimetidine â€" H2 antagonist used to reduce GI acid production aids in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers as well as esophageal reflux. Newer agents may be more appropriate as they have a longer duration of action and fewer drug interactions (i.e. ranididine, famotidine, omeprazole). It is starting to be recommended for treatment of Melanoma in horses
  • Clamoxyquine â€" Antiparasitic to treat salmonids for infection with the myxozoan parasite, Myxobolus cerebralis.
  • Clavaseptin oral crushed and mixed with food or a treat for pet mink or ferret in case of abscess after wound or cyst is punctured and drained. Suitable for long term treatment 4 to 6 months.
  • Clavulanic acid â€" Adjunct to penicillin-derived antibiotics used to overcome resistance in bacteria that secrete beta-lactamase.
  • Clenbuterol â€" A decongestant and bronchodilator used for the treatment of recurrent airway obstruction in horses
  • Clindamycin Hydrochloride â€" Antibiotic with particular use in dental infections. Effective against most aerobic Gram-positive cocci (but not Enterococcus faecalis), and some anaerobic bacteria
  • Clomipramine Hydrochloride â€" Primarily in dogs: Obsessive-compulsive disorders, dominance aggression and anxiety; may be useful in spraying cats
  • Cosequin
  • Cyproheptadine primarily used as an appetite stimulant in cats and dogs.


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  • Deracoxib â€" Postoperative pain management and osteoarthritis, possibly as adjunctive treatment to transitional cell carcinoma
  • Dexamethasone â€" Antiinflammatory used as a diagnostic tool for Cushing's syndrome
  • Diazepam â€" Benzodiazepine used to treat status epilepticus, also used as a preanesthetic and a sedative.
  • Dichlorophene â€" fungicide, germicide, and antimicrobial agent used for the removal of parasites such as ascarids, hookworms, and tapeworms from cats and dogs
  • Diphenhydramine â€" Histamine blocker (trade name Benadryl)
  • Doxycycline â€" Antibiotic, also used to treat Lyme disease


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  • Enalapril â€" ACE-inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure
  • Enrofloxacin â€" Broad spectrum antibiotic (Gram-positive and -negative) -- not recommended for streptococci, or anaerobic bacteria
  • Equine chorionic gonadotropin â€" gonadotropic hormone used to induce ovulation in livestock prior to artificial insemination


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  • Fenbendazole â€"it is antiparasite drug use for mainly incase of nematode
  • Flunixin meglumine â€" trade name Banamine; NSAID used as an analgesic and antipyretic in horses.
  • Furosemide â€" diuretic used to prevent exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses


  • Gabapentin â€" Strong pain reliever
  • Glucosamine â€"
  • Glycopyrrolate â€"


  • Hydromorphone â€" Opioid analgesic used as a premedication
  • Hydroxyzine â€"


  • Isoxsuprine â€" vasodilator used for laminitis and navicular disease in horses
  • Ivermectin â€" a broad-spectrum antiparasitic used in horses and dogs


  • Ketamine â€" dissociative anesthetic and tranquilizer in cats, dogs, horses, and other animals
  • Ketoprofen â€" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)


  • Lufenuron â€" insecticide used for flea control
  • Levetiracetam â€" anti-convulsant used for seizures
  levamezole antiparasitic  


  • Marbofloxacin â€" antibiotic
  • Maropitant â€" Antiemetic
  • Medetomidine â€" surgical anesthetic and analgesic
  • Meloxicam â€" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
  • Metacam â€" used to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Methimazole â€"
  • Metoclopramide Hydrochloride â€" Potent antiemetic, secondarily as a prokinetic.
  • Metronidazole â€" Highly effective against anaerobic bacteria. Has good activity against protozoa, but Fenbendazole may be a better choice. (more effective, less side effects)
  • Milbemycin oxime â€" a broad spectrum antiparasitic used as an anthelmintic, insecticide and miticide
  • Mirtazapine â€" antiemetic and appetite stimulant in cats and dogs
  • Morphine â€" Pure mu agonist/opioid analgesic used as a premedication
  • Moxifloxacin â€" Antibiotic used for the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis, acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, community acquired pneumonia, complicated and uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, and complicated intra-abdominal infections


  • Neomycin â€"
  • Nitarsone â€" feed additive used in poultry to increase weight gain, improve feed efficiency, and prevent blackhead disease
  • Nitenpyram â€" insecticide
  • Nitroscanate â€" Anthelmintic used to treat roundworms, hookworms and tapeworms
  • Nystatin â€" Antifungal
  • Nitroxynil: Anthelmintic for fasciola and liver fluke infestations.


  • Ofloxacin â€" fluoroquinolone antibiotic
  • Omeprazole â€" for the treatment and prevention of gastric ulcers in horses
  • Oxibendazole â€" anthelmintic
  • Oxymorphone â€"


  • Pentobarbital â€" Humane euthanasia of animals not to be used for food
  • Phenobarbital â€" Antiseizure medication
  • Phenylbutazone â€" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
  • Pimobendan â€" used to manage heart failure in dogs
  • Pirlimycin â€" antimicrobial
  • Ponazuril â€" anticoccidial
  • Praziquantel â€" Treatment of infestations of the tapeworms Dipylidium caninum, Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus granulosus
  • Prednisolone â€"Steroid
  • Prednisone â€" Steroid
  • Propofol â€" short acting intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia
  • Pyrantel Pamoate â€" Effective against ascarids, hookworms and stomach worms


  • Robenacoxib â€" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
  • Roxarsone â€" arsenical used as a coccidiostat and for increased weight gain


  • Selamectin â€" antiparasitic treating fleas, roundworms, ear mites, heartworm, and hookworms. Available only as Revolution (not in generic form)
  • Sentinel Flavor Tabs â€" antiparasitic
  • Silver sulfadiazine â€"
  • Soloxine â€" Used in the treatment of Hypothyroidism.
  • Streptomycin â€" antibiotic used in large animals
  • Sucralfate â€" treats NSAID-associated ulcers
  • Sulfasalazine â€"
  • Synulox â€" antibiotic


  • Telazol â€" intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia; combination of tiletamine and zolazepam
  • Theophylline â€" Brochospasm and cardiogenic edema
  • Thiostrepton â€"
  • Thiabendazole â€"it is antiparasite drug
  • Tramadol â€"
  • Triamcinolone acetonide â€"
  • Trimethoprim - used widely for bacterial infections, is in the family of sulfa drugs
  • Trilostane â€" Canine Cushing's
  • Tylosin â€" antibiotic


  • Xylazine â€" Alpha-2 agonist


  • Yohimbine â€"

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