A list of drugs used in veterinary medicine.
- Acepromazine â" Neuroleptic drug related to chlorpromazine used as a sedative and antiemetic.
- Alprazolam â" (trade name Xanax); used to treat anxiety
- Amantadine â" as an analgesic for chronic pain ( this drug is not used in the veterinary field)
- Amitraz â" Antiparasitic used to control ticks, mites, lice and other animal pests. Cannot be used on horses.
- Amitriptyline â" Tricyclic antidepressant used to treat separation anxiety, excessive grooming and spraying in dogs and cats.
- Amlodipine â" Calcium channel blocker used to decrease blood pressure
- Amoxicillin â" Antibiotic indicated for susceptible Gram-positive and Gram-negative infections. Ineffective against species that produce beta-lactamase.
- Apomorphine â" Opioid emetic (used to induce vomiting)
- Artificial tears â" lubricant eye drops used to treat keratoconjunctivitis sicca
- Atenolol â" to treat arrythmias, hypertension, and other cardiovascular disorders
- Atipamezole â" alpha2-adrenergic antagonist used to reverse the sedative and analgesic effects of dexmedetomidine and medetomidine in dogs.
- Benazepril â" ACE-inhibitor used in heart failure, hypertension, chronic renal failure and protein-losing nephropathy.
- Boldenone â" anabolic steroid for treatment of horses.
- Buprenorphine â" narcotic for pain relief in cats after surgery
- Butorphanol â" mu agonist/kappa antagonist, used as a cough suppressant and for a muscle relaxation effect in horses
- Carprofen â" COX-2 selective NSAID used to relieve pain and inflammation in dogs. Anecdotal reports of severe GI effects in cats.
- Cefovecin â" Cephalosporin-class antibiotic used to treat skin infections in dogs and cats.
- Cefpodoxime â" Antibiotic
- Cephalexin â" Antibiotic, particularly useful for susceptible Staphylococcus infections.
- Chloramphenicol â" treats anaerobic bacterial infections, both Gram-positive and -negative. Crosses blood-brain barrier, useful in treatment of meningitis
- Cimetidine â" H2 antagonist used to reduce GI acid production aids in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers as well as esophageal reflux. Newer agents may be more appropriate as they have a longer duration of action and fewer drug interactions (i.e. ranididine, famotidine, omeprazole). It is starting to be recommended for treatment of Melanoma in horses
- Clamoxyquine â" Antiparasitic to treat salmonids for infection with the myxozoan parasite, Myxobolus cerebralis.
- Clavaseptin oral crushed and mixed with food or a treat for pet mink or ferret in case of abscess after wound or cyst is punctured and drained. Suitable for long term treatment 4 to 6 months.
- Clavulanic acid â" Adjunct to penicillin-derived antibiotics used to overcome resistance in bacteria that secrete beta-lactamase.
- Clenbuterol â" A decongestant and bronchodilator used for the treatment of recurrent airway obstruction in horses
- Clindamycin Hydrochloride â" Antibiotic with particular use in dental infections. Effective against most aerobic Gram-positive cocci (but not Enterococcus faecalis), and some anaerobic bacteria
- Clomipramine Hydrochloride â" Primarily in dogs: Obsessive-compulsive disorders, dominance aggression and anxiety; may be useful in spraying cats
- Cyproheptadine primarily used as an appetite stimulant in cats and dogs.
- Deracoxib â" Postoperative pain management and osteoarthritis, possibly as adjunctive treatment to transitional cell carcinoma
- Dexamethasone â" Antiinflammatory used as a diagnostic tool for Cushing's syndrome
- Diazepam â" Benzodiazepine used to treat status epilepticus, also used as a preanesthetic and a sedative.
- Dichlorophene â" fungicide, germicide, and antimicrobial agent used for the removal of parasites such as ascarids, hookworms, and tapeworms from cats and dogs
- Diphenhydramine â" Histamine blocker (trade name Benadryl)
- Doxycycline â" Antibiotic, also used to treat Lyme disease
- Enalapril â" ACE-inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure
- Enrofloxacin â" Broad spectrum antibiotic (Gram-positive and -negative) -- not recommended for streptococci, or anaerobic bacteria
- Equine chorionic gonadotropin â" gonadotropic hormone used to induce ovulation in livestock prior to artificial insemination
- Fenbendazole â"it is antiparasite drug use for mainly incase of nematode
- Flunixin meglumine â" trade name Banamine; NSAID used as an analgesic and antipyretic in horses.
- Furosemide â" diuretic used to prevent exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses
- Gabapentin â" Strong pain reliever
- Glucosamine â"
- Glycopyrrolate â"
- Hydromorphone â" Opioid analgesic used as a premedication
- Hydroxyzine â"
- Isoxsuprine â" vasodilator used for laminitis and navicular disease in horses
- Ivermectin â" a broad-spectrum antiparasitic used in horses and dogs
- Ketamine â" dissociative anesthetic and tranquilizer in cats, dogs, horses, and other animals
- Ketoprofen â" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Lufenuron â" insecticide used for flea control
- Levetiracetam â" anti-convulsant used for seizures
- Marbofloxacin â" antibiotic
- Maropitant â" Antiemetic
- Medetomidine â" surgical anesthetic and analgesic
- Meloxicam â" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Metacam â" used to reduce inflammation and pain
- Methimazole â"
- Metoclopramide Hydrochloride â" Potent antiemetic, secondarily as a prokinetic.
- Metronidazole â" Highly effective against anaerobic bacteria. Has good activity against protozoa, but Fenbendazole may be a better choice. (more effective, less side effects)
- Milbemycin oxime â" a broad spectrum antiparasitic used as an anthelmintic, insecticide and miticide
- Mirtazapine â" antiemetic and appetite stimulant in cats and dogs
- Morphine â" Pure mu agonist/opioid analgesic used as a premedication
- Moxifloxacin â" Antibiotic used for the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis, acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, community acquired pneumonia, complicated and uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, and complicated intra-abdominal infections
- Neomycin â"
- Nitarsone â" feed additive used in poultry to increase weight gain, improve feed efficiency, and prevent blackhead disease
- Nitenpyram â" insecticide
- Nitroscanate â" Anthelmintic used to treat roundworms, hookworms and tapeworms
- Nystatin â" Antifungal
- Nitroxynil: Anthelmintic for fasciola and liver fluke infestations.
- Ofloxacin â" fluoroquinolone antibiotic
- Omeprazole â" for the treatment and prevention of gastric ulcers in horses
- Oxibendazole â" anthelmintic
- Oxymorphone â"
- Pentobarbital â" Humane euthanasia of animals not to be used for food
- Phenobarbital â" Antiseizure medication
- Phenylbutazone â" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Pimobendan â" used to manage heart failure in dogs
- Pirlimycin â" antimicrobial
- Ponazuril â" anticoccidial
- Praziquantel â" Treatment of infestations of the tapeworms Dipylidium caninum, Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus granulosus
- Prednisolone â"Steroid
- Prednisone â" Steroid
- Propofol â" short acting intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia
- Pyrantel Pamoate â" Effective against ascarids, hookworms and stomach worms
- Robenacoxib â" non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Roxarsone â" arsenical used as a coccidiostat and for increased weight gain
- Selamectin â" antiparasitic treating fleas, roundworms, ear mites, heartworm, and hookworms. Available only as Revolution (not in generic form)
- Sentinel Flavor Tabs â" antiparasitic
- Silver sulfadiazine â"
- Soloxine â" Used in the treatment of Hypothyroidism.
- Streptomycin â" antibiotic used in large animals
- Sucralfate â" treats NSAID-associated ulcers
- Sulfasalazine â"
- Synulox â" antibiotic
- Telazol â" intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia; combination of tiletamine and zolazepam
- Theophylline â" Brochospasm and cardiogenic edema
- Thiostrepton â"
- Thiabendazole â"it is antiparasite drug
- Tramadol â"
- Triamcinolone acetonide â"
- Trimethoprim - used widely for bacterial infections, is in the family of sulfa drugs
- Trilostane â" Canine Cushing's
- Tylosin â" antibiotic
- Xylazine â" Alpha-2 agonist
- Yohimbine â"