Senin, 08 Juni 2015

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Syria. There are 71 mammal species in Syria, of which 1 is critically endangered, 3 are endangered, 6 are vulnerable, and 3 are near-threatened. 1 of the species listed for Syria can no longer be found in the wild.

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

Subclass: Theria

Syrian brown bear - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

  • Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
      • Genus: Elephas
        • Species: Asian Elephant Elephas maximus EN
          • Syrian elephant Elephas maximus asurus EX

Order: Hyracoidea (hyraxes)

The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stmpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

  • Family: Procaviidae (hylaxes)
      • Genus: Procavia
        • Cape Hyrax Procavia capensis LC

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

  • Suborder: Sciurognathi
    • Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
      • Subfamily: Sciurinae
        • Tribe: Sciurini
          • Genus: Sciurus
            • Caucasian Squirrel Sciurus anomalus LR/nt
      • Subfamily: Xerinae
        • Tribe: Marmotini
          • Genus: Spermophilus
            • Asia Minor Ground Squirrel Spermophilus xanthoprymnus LR/lc
    • Family: Gliridae (dormice)
      • Subfamily: Leithiinae
        • Genus: Dryomys
          • Forest dormouse Dryomys nitedula LR/nt
        • Genus: Eliomys
          • Asian Garden Dormouse Eliomys melanurus LC
    • Family: Dipodidae (jerboas)
      • Subfamily: Allactaginae
        • Genus: Allactaga
          • Euphrates Jerboa Allactaga euphratica LR/nt
    • Family: Spalacidae
      • Subfamily: Spalacinae
        • Genus: Nannospalax
          • Palestine Mole Rat Nannospalax ehrenbergi LC
    • Family: Calomyscidae
      • Genus: Calomyscus
        • Tsolov's Mouse-like Hamster Calomyscus tsolovi LR/nt
    • Family: Cricetidae
      • Subfamily: Cricetinae
        • Genus: Mesocricetus
          • Golden Hamster Mesocricetus auratus EN
          • Turkish hamster Mesocricetus brandti LR/lc
      • Subfamily: Arvicolinae
        • Genus: Chionomys
          • Snow Vole Chionomys nivalis LR/nt
        • Genus: Microtus
          • GÃœnther's Vole Microtus guentheri LR/nt
          • Persian Vole Microtus irani LR/lc
          • Social Vole Microtus socialis LR/lc
    • Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
      • Subfamily: Deomyinae
        • Genus: Acomys
          • Cairo Spiny Mouse Acomys cahirinus LC
      • Subfamily: Gerbillinae
        • Genus: Gerbillus
          • Wagner's Gerbil Gerbillus dasyurus LR/lc
        • Genus: Meriones
          • Sundevall's Jird Meriones crassus LC
          • Libyan Jird Meriones libycus LC
          • Tristram's Jird Meriones tristrami LR/lc
          • Vinogradov's Jird Meriones vinogradovi LR/lc
        • Genus: Psammomys
          • Sand Rat Psammomys obesus LC
        • Genus: Tatera
          • Indian Gerbil Tatera indica LR/lc
      • Subfamily: Murinae
        • Genus: Apodemus
          • Yellow-necked Mouse Apodemus flavicollis LR/lc
        • Genus: Mus
          • Macedonian Mouse Mus macedonicus LR/lc
        • Genus: Nesokia
          • Short-tailed Bandicoot Rat Nesokia indica LC

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

  • Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
    • Genus: Lepus
      • Cape Hare Lepus capensis LR/lc
      • European Hare Lepus europaeus LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)

The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

  • Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
    • Subfamily: Erinaceinae
      • Genus: Erinaceus
        • Southern White-breasted Hedgehog Erinaceus concolor LR/lc
      • Genus: Hemiechinus
        • Desert Hedgehog Hemiechinus aethiopicus LR/lc
        • Long-eared Hedgehog Hemiechinus auritus LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons)

The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers.

  • Family: Soricidae (shrews)
    • Subfamily: Crocidurinae
      • Genus: Crocidura
        • Lesser White-toothed Shrew Crocidura suaveolens LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

  • Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
    • Subfamily: Pteropodinae
      • Genus: Rousettus
        • Egyptian fruit bat Rousettus aegyptiacus LC
  • Family: Vespertilionidae
    • Subfamily: Myotinae
      • Genus: Myotis
        • Lesser Mouse-eared Bat Myotis blythii LR/lc
        • Greater Mouse-eared Bat Myotis myotis LR/nt
    • Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
      • Genus: Eptesicus
        • Botta's Serotine Eptesicus bottae LC
      • Genus: Otonycteris
        • Desert Long-eared Bat Otonycteris hemprichii LR/lc
      • Genus: Pipistrellus
        • Kuhl's Pipistrelle Pipistrellus kuhlii LC
      • Genus: Plecotus
        • Grey long-eared bat Plecotus austriacus LR/lc
    • Subfamily: Miniopterinae
      • Genus: Miniopterus
        • Schreiber's Long-fingered Bat Miniopterus schreibersii LC
  • Family: Nycteridae
    • Genus: Nycteris
      • Egyptian Slit-Faced Bat Nycteris thebaica LC
  • Family: Rhinolophidae
    • Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
      • Genus: Rhinolophus
        • Blasius's Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus blasii NT
        • Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus euryale VU
        • Greater Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum LR/nt

Order: Cetacea (whales)

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

  • Suborder: Odontoceti
    • Superfamily: Platanistoidea
      • Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
        • Genus: Delphinus
          • Common dolphin Delphinus delphis LR/lc
        • Genus: Grampus
          • Risso's Dolphin Grampus griseus DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)

There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which feed primarily on meat. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

  • Suborder: Feliformia
    • Family: Felidae (cats)
      • Subfamily: Felinae
        • Genus: Acinonyx
          • Asiatic Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus venaticus CR
        • Genus: Caracal
          • Caracal Caracal caracal LC
        • Genus: Felis
          • Jungle Cat Felis chaus LC
          • Sand Cat Felis margarita NT
          • Wildcat Felis silvestris LC
      • Subfamily: Pantherinae
        • Genus: Panthera
        • Anatolian Leopard
          • Arabian Leopard Panthera pardus nimr CR
          • Asiatic Lion Panthera leo persica EN
    • Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
      • Genus: Herpestes
        • Egyptian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon LR/lc
    • Family: Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
      • Genus: Hyaena
        • Striped Hyena Hyaena hyaena LR/nt
  • Suborder: Caniformia
    • Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
      • Genus: Vulpes
        • Red Fox Vulpes vulpes LC
      • Genus: Canis
        • Golden Jackal Canis aureus LC
        • Gray Wolf Canis lupus LC
    • Family: Ursidae (bears)
      • Genus: Ursus
        • Brown Bear Ursus arctos syriacus LR/lc
    • Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
      • Genus: Mustela
        • Least Weasel Mustela nivalis LR/lc
      • Genus: Vormela
        • Marbled Polecat Vormela peregusna LR/lc
      • Genus: Mellivora
        • Ratel Mellivora capensis LR/lc
      • Genus: Meles
        • Eurasian Badger Meles meles LR/lc
      • Genus: Lutra
        • European Otter Lutra lutra NT
    • Family: Phocidae (earless seals)
      • Genus: Monachus
        • Mediterranean Monk Seal Monachus monachus CR

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

  • Family: Cervidae (deer)
    • Subfamily: Capreolinae
      • Genus: Capreolus
        • Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus LR/lc
  • Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
    • Subfamily: Antilopinae
      • Genus: Gazella
        • Mountain Gazelle Gazella gazella VU
        • Saudi Gazelle Gazella saudiya EW
        • Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa VU
    • Subfamily: Caprinae
      • Genus: Capra
        • Wild Goat Capra aegagrus VU
        • Nubian Ibex Capra nubiana EN
    • Subfamily: Hippotraginae
      • Genus: Oryx
        • Arabian Oryx Oryx leucoryx EN


Portal:Extinct and endangered species/Previous pictures ...


  • "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Syria". IUCN. 2001. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  • "Mammal Species of the World". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 2005. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  • "Animal Diversity Web". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 1995â€"2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 

See also

Red-fronted Serin, Syrian Serin and Serin Serin | Birding Frontiers
  • List of chordate orders
  • List of regional mammals lists
  • List of prehistoric mammals
  • Mammal classification
  • New mammal species

Syria | Arms Control Law
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