Sabtu, 06 Juni 2015

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Kenya. These are the mammal species in Kenya, of which 4 are critically endangered, 9 are endangered, 19 are vulnerable, and 15 are near-threatened.

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

Subclass: Theria


Yellow baboon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Afrosoricida (tenrecs and golden moles)


The order Afrosoricida contains the golden moles of southern Africa and the tenrecs of Madagascar and Africa, two families of small mammals that were traditionally part of the order Insectivora.

  • Family: Tenrecidae (tenrecs)
    • Subfamily: Potamogalinae
      • Genus: Potamogale
        • Giant otter shrew Potamogale velox LC
  • Family: Chrysochloridae
    • Subfamily: Chrysochlorinae
      • Genus: Chrysochloris
        • Stuhlmann's golden mole Chrysochloris stuhlmanni LC

Order: Macroscelidea (elephant-shrews)


Often called sengisi, the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated flexible snout and their resemblance to the true shrews.

  • Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews)
    • Genus: Elephantulus
      • Short-snouted elephant shrew Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC
      • Rufous elephant shrew Elephantulus rufescens LC
    • Genus: Petrodromus
      • Four-toed elephant shrew Petrodromus tetradactylus LC
    • Genus: Rhynchocyon
      • Golden-rumped elephant shrew Rhynchocyon chrysopygus EN
      • Black and rufous elephant shrew Rhynchocyon petersi VU

Order: Tubulidentata (aardvarks)


The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the Aardvark. Tubulidentata are characterised by their teeth which lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes which are continuously worn down and replaced.

  • Family: Orycteropodidae
    • Genus: Orycteropus
      • Aardvark Orycteropus afer LC

Order: Hyracoidea (hyraxes)


The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stmpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

  • Family: Procaviidae (hylaxes)
    • Genus: Dendrohyrax
      • Southern tree hyrax Dendrohyrax arboreus LC
    • Genus: Heterohyrax
      • Yellow-spotted rock hyrax Heterohyrax brucei LC
    • Genus: Procavia
      • Cape hyrax Procavia capensis LC

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)


The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

  • Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
    • Genus: Loxodonta
      • African bush elephant Loxodonta africana VU

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)


Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

  • Family: Dugongidae
    • Genus: Dugong
      • Dugong Dugong dugon VU

Order: Primates


The order Primates contains humans and their closest relatives: lemurs, lorisoids, tarsiers, monkeys, and apes.

  • Suborder: Strepsirrhini
    • Infraorder: Lemuriformes
      • Superfamily: Lorisoidea
        • Family: Lorisidae (lorises, bushbabies)
          • Genus: Perodicticus
            • Potto Perodicticus potto LR/lc
        • Family: Galagidae
          • Genus: Galago
            • Somali bushbaby Galago gallarum LR/nt
            • Senegal bushbaby Galago senegalensis LR/lc
          • Genus: Galagoides
            • Prince Demidoff's bushbaby Galagoides demidovii LR/lc
            • Thomas's bushbaby Galagoides thomasi LR/lc
            • Zanzibar bushbaby Galagoides zanzibaricus LR/nt
          • Genus: Otolemur
            • Brown greater galago Otolemur crassicaudatus LR/lc
            • Northern greater galago Otolemur garnettii LR/lc
  • Suborder: Haplorhini
    • Infraorder: Simiiformes
      • Parvorder: Catarrhini
        • Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
          • Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
            • Genus: Erythrocebus
              • Patas monkey Erythrocebus patas LR/lc
            • Genus: Chlorocebus
              • Vervet monkey Chlorocebus pygerythrus LR/lc
              • Tantalus monkey Chlorocebus tantalus LR/lc
            • Genus: Cercopithecus
              • Red-tailed monkey Cercopithecus ascanius LR/lc
              • Blue monkey Cercopithecus mitis LR/lc
              • De Brazza's monkey Cercopithecus neglectus LR/lc
            • Genus: Lophocebus
              • Grey-cheeked mangabey Lophocebus albigena LR/lc
            • Genus: Papio
              • Olive baboon Papio anubis LR/lc
              • Yellow baboon Papio cynocephalus LR/lc
            • Genus: Cercocebus
              • Crested mangabey Cercocebus galeritus LR/nt
            • Subfamily: Colobinae
              • Genus: Colobus
                • Angola colobus Colobus angolensis LR/lc
                • Mantled guereza Colobus guereza LR/lc
              • Genus: Procolobus
                • Tana River red colobus Procolobus rufomitratus CR

Order: Rodentia (rodents)


Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

  • Suborder: Hystricognathi
    • Family: Bathyergidae
      • Genus: Heliophobius
        • Silvery mole-rat Heliophobius argenteocinereus LC
      • Genus: Heterocephalus
        • Naked mole-rat Heterocephalus glaber LC
    • Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
      • Genus: Atherurus
        • African brush-tailed porcupine Atherurus africanus LC
      • Genus: Hystrix
        • Cape porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis LC
        • Crested porcupine Hystrix cristata LC
    • Family: Thryonomyidae (cane rats)
      • Genus: Thryonomys
        • Lesser cane rat Thryonomys gregorianus LC
        • Greater cane rat Thryonomys swinderianus LC
  • Suborder: Sciurognathi
    • Family: Anomaluridae
      • Subfamily: Anomalurinae
        • Genus: Anomalurus
          • Lord Derby's scaly-tailed squirrel Anomalurus derbianus LC
    • Family: Pedetidae (spring hare)
      • Genus: Pedetes
        • Springhare Pedetes capensis LC
    • Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
      • Subfamily: Xerinae
        • Tribe: Xerini
          • Genus: Xerus
            • Striped ground squirrel Xerus erythropus LC
            • Unstriped ground squirrel Xerus rutilus LC
        • Tribe: Protoxerini
          • Genus: Heliosciurus
            • Gambian sun squirrel Heliosciurus gambianus LC
            • Red-legged sun squirrel Heliosciurus rufobrachium LC
            • Zanj sun squirrel Heliosciurus undulatus DD
          • Genus: Paraxerus
            • Boehm's bush squirrel Paraxerus boehmi LC
            • Striped bush squirrel Paraxerus flavovittis DD
            • Ochre bush squirrel Paraxerus ochraceus LC
            • Red bush squirrel Paraxerus palliatus LC
          • Genus: Protoxerus
            • Forest giant squirrel Protoxerus stangeri LC
    • Family: Gliridae (dormice)
      • Subfamily: Graphiurinae
        • Genus: Graphiurus
          • Small-eared dormouse Graphiurus microtis LC
          • Kellen's dormouse Graphiurus kelleni LC
    • Family: Spalacidae
      • Subfamily: Tachyoryctinae
        • Genus: Tachyoryctes
          • Mianzini mole-rat Tachyoryctes annectens DD
          • Audacious mole-rat Tachyoryctes audax LC
          • Demon mole-rat Tachyoryctes daemon LC
          • Kenyan African mole-rat Tachyoryctes ibeanus LC
          • Naivasha mole-rat Tachyoryctes naivashae LC
          • King mole-rat Tachyoryctes rex LC
          • Rudd's mole-rat Tachyoryctes ruddi LC
          • Embi mole-rat Tachyoryctes spalacinus LC
          • Storey's African mole-rat Tachyoryctes storeyi DD
    • Family: Nesomyidae
      • Subfamily: Dendromurinae
        • Genus: Dendromus
          • Remarkable climbing mouse Dendromus insignis LC
          • Brant's climbing mouse Dendromus mesomelas LC
          • Chestnut climbing mouse Dendromus mystacalis LC
        • Genus: Steatomys
          • Tiny fat mouse Steatomys parvus LC
      • Subfamily: Cricetomyinae
        • Genus: Beamys
          • Lesser hamster-rat Beamys hindei NT
        • Genus: Cricetomys
          • Emin's pouched rat Cricetomys emini LC
          • Gambian pouched rat Cricetomys gambianus LC
        • Genus: Saccostomus
          • Mearns's pouched mouse Saccostomus mearnsi LC
    • Family: Cricetidae
      • Subfamily: Lophiomyinae
        • Genus: Lophiomys
          • Maned rat Lophiomys imhausi LC
    • Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
      • Subfamily: Deomyinae
        • Genus: Acomys
          • Gray spiny mouse Acomys cineraceus LC
          • Fiery spiny mouse Acomys ignitus LC
          • Kemp's spiny mouse Acomys kempi LC
          • Louise's spiny mouse Acomys louisae LC
          • Percival's spiny mouse Acomys percivali LC
          • Wilson's spiny mouse Acomys wilsoni LC
        • Genus: Lophuromys
          • Yellow-spotted brush-furred rat Lophuromys flavopunctatus LC
          • Rusty-bellied brush-furred rat Lophuromys sikapusi LC
        • Genus: Uranomys
          • Rudd's mouse Uranomys ruddi LC
      • Subfamily: Otomyinae
        • Genus: Otomys
          • Angoni vlei rat Otomys angoniensis LC
          • Barbour's vlei rat Otomys barbouri EN
          • Dollman's vlei rat Otomys dollmani DD
          • Mount Elgon vlei rat Otomys jacksoni EN
          • Tanzanian vlei rat Otomys lacustris NT
          • Afroalpine vlei rat Otomys orestes DD
          • Tropical vlei rat Otomys tropicalis LC
      • Subfamily: Gerbillinae
        • Genus: Gerbillus
          • Botta's gerbil Gerbillus bottai DD
          • Agag gerbil Gerbillus agag DD
          • Harwood's gerbil Gerbillus harwoodi LC
          • Cushioned gerbil Gerbillus pulvinatus LC
          • Least gerbil Gerbillus pusillus LC
        • Genus: Tatera
          • Boehm's gerbil Tatera boehmi LC
          • Kemp's gerbil Tatera kempi LC
          • Bushveld gerbil Tatera leucogaster LC
          • Black-tailed gerbil Tatera nigricauda LC
          • Phillips's gerbil Tatera phillipsi LC
          • Fringe-tailed gerbil Tatera robusta LC
          • Savanna gerbil Tatera valida LC
        • Genus: Taterillus
          • Emin's gerbil Taterillus emini LC
          • Harrington's gerbil Taterillus harringtoni LC
      • Subfamily: Murinae
        • Genus: Aethomys
          • Red rock rat Aethomys chrysophilus LC
          • Hinde's rock rat Aethomys hindei LC
          • Kaiser's rock rat Aethomys kaiseri LC
        • Genus: Arvicanthis
          • Nairobi grass rat Arvicanthis nairobae LC
          • African grass rat Arvicanthis niloticus LC
          • Neumann's grass rat Arvicanthis neumanni DD
        • Genus: Colomys
          • African wading rat Colomys goslingi LC
        • Genus: Dasymys
          • African marsh rat Dasymys incomtus LC
        • Genus: Grammomys
          • Gray-headed thicket rat Grammomys caniceps DD
          • Woodland thicket rat Grammomys dolichurus LC
          • Giant thicket rat Grammomys gigas EN
          • Ruwenzori thicket rat Grammomys ibeanus LC
          • Macmillan's thicket rat Grammomys macmillani LC
        • Genus: Hylomyscus
          • Montane wood mouse Hylomyscus denniae LC
          • Stella wood mouse Hylomyscus stella LC
        • Genus: Lemniscomys
          • Buffoon striped grass mouse Lemniscomys macculus LC
          • Single-striped grass mouse Lemniscomys rosalia LC
          • Typical striped grass mouse Lemniscomys striatus LC
          • Heuglin's striped grass mouse Lemniscomys zebra LC
        • Genus: Mastomys
          • Guinea multimammate mouse Mastomys erythroleucus LC
          • Natal multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis LC
          • Dwarf multimammate mouse Mastomys pernanus DD
        • Genus: Mus
          • Mahomet mouse Mus mahomet LC
          • African pygmy mouse Mus minutoides LC
          • Peters's mouse Mus setulosus LC
          • Thomas's pygmy mouse Mus sorella LC
          • Delicate mouse Mus tenellus LC
          • Gray-bellied pygmy mouse Mus triton LC
        • Genus: Mylomys
          • African groove-toothed rat Mylomys dybowskii LC
        • Genus: Myomyscus
          • Brockman's rock mouse Myomyscus brockmani LC
        • Genus: Oenomys
          • Common rufous-nosed rat Oenomys hypoxanthus LC
        • Genus: Pelomys
          • Creek groove-toothed swamp rat Pelomys fallax LC
          • Hopkins's groove-toothed swamp rat Pelomys hopkinsi VU
        • Genus: Praomys
          • Delectable soft-furred mouse Praomys delectorum NT
          • Jackson's soft-furred mouse Praomys jacksoni LC
          • Misonne's soft-furred mouse Praomys misonnei LC
        • Genus: Rhabdomys
          • Four-striped grass mouse Rhabdomys pumilio LC
        • Genus: Thallomys
          • Loring's rat Thallomys loringi LC
          • Acacia rat Thallomys paedulcus LC
        • Genus: Zelotomys
          • Hildegarde's broad-headed mouse Zelotomys hildegardeae LC

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)


The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

  • Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
    • Genus: Pronolagus
      • Smith's red rock hare Pronolagus rupestris LR/lc
    • Genus: Lepus
      • Cape hare Lepus capensis LR/lc
      • Ethiopian hare Lepus fagani DD
      • African savanna hare Lepus microtis LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)


The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

  • Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
    • Subfamily: Erinaceinae
      • Genus: Atelerix
        • Four-toed hedgehog Atelerix albiventris LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons)


The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers.

  • Family: Soricidae (shrews)
    • Subfamily: Crocidurinae
      • Genus: Crocidura
        • East African highland shrew Crocidura allex LC
        • Bottego's shrew Crocidura bottegi DD
        • Elgon shrew Crocidura elgonius LC
        • Fischer's shrew Crocidura fischeri DD
        • Savanna shrew Crocidura fulvastra LC
        • Smoky white-toothed shrew Crocidura fumosa LC
        • Bicolored musk shrew Crocidura fuscomurina LC
        • Hildegarde's shrew Crocidura hildegardeae LC
        • Jackson's shrew Crocidura jacksoni LC
        • Butiaba naked-tailed shrew Crocidura littoralis LC
        • Moonshine shrew Crocidura luna LC
        • MacArthur's shrew Crocidura macarthuri LC
        • Nyiro shrew Crocidura macowi DD
        • Dark shrew Crocidura maurisca DD
        • Kilimanjaro shrew Crocidura monax DD
        • Montane white-toothed shrew Crocidura montis LC
        • Savanna dwarf shrew Crocidura nanilla LC
        • African black shrew Crocidura nigrofusca LC
        • African giant shrew Crocidura olivieri LC
        • Small-footed shrew Crocidura parvipes LC
        • Rainey's shrew Crocidura raineyi DD
        • Ugandan lowland shrew Crocidura selina LC
        • Turbo shrew Crocidura turba LC
        • Ultimate shrew Crocidura ultima DD
        • Savanna path shrew Crocidura viaria LC
        • Voi shrew Crocidura voi LC
        • Xanthippe's shrew Crocidura xantippe LC
        • Yankari shrew Crocidura yankariensis LC
        • Zaphir's shrew Crocidura zaphiri DD
      • Genus: Suncus
        • Least dwarf shrew Suncus infinitesimus LC
        • Greater dwarf shrew Suncus lixus LC
      • Genus: Sylvisorex
        • Grant's forest shrew Sylvisorex granti LC
        • Climbing shrew Sylvisorex megalura LC
    • Subfamily: Myosoricinae
      • Genus: Surdisorex
        • Aberdare mole shrew Surdisorex norae VU
        • Mount Kenya mole shrew Surdisorex polulus VU

Order: Chiroptera (bats)


The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

  • Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
    • Subfamily: Pteropodinae
      • Genus: Eidolon
        • Straw-coloured fruit bat Eidolon helvum LC
      • Genus: Epomophorus
        • Ethiopian epauletted fruit bat Epomophorus labiatus LC
        • East African epauletted fruit bat Epomophorus minimus LC
        • Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat Epomophorus wahlbergi LC
      • Genus: Hypsignathus
        • Hammer-headed bat Hypsignathus monstrosus LC
      • Genus: Lissonycteris
        • Angolan rousette Lissonycteris angolensis LC
      • Genus: Micropteropus
        • Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat Micropteropus pusillus LC
      • Genus: Myonycteris
        • East African little collared fruit bat Myonycteris relicta VU
      • Genus: Rousettus
        • Egyptian fruit bat Rousettus aegyptiacus LC
        • Long-haired rousette Rousettus lanosus LC
  • Family: Vespertilionidae
    • Subfamily: Kerivoulinae
      • Genus: Kerivoula
        • Damara woolly bat Kerivoula argentata LC
        • Lesser woolly bat Kerivoula lanosa LC
        • Smith's woolly bat Kerivoula smithi LC
    • Subfamily: Myotinae
      • Genus: Myotis
        • Rufous mouse-eared bat Myotis bocagii LC
        • Cape hairy bat Myotis tricolor LC
        • Welwitsch's bat Myotis welwitschii LC
    • Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
      • Genus: Eptesicus
        • Long-tailed house bat Eptesicus hottentotus LC
      • Genus: Glauconycteris
        • Silvered bat Glauconycteris argentata LC
        • Beatrix's bat Glauconycteris beatrix NT
        • Allen's spotted bat Glauconycteris humeralis DD
        • Kenyan wattled bat Glauconycteris kenyacola DD
        • Abo bat Glauconycteris poensis LC
        • Butterfly bat Glauconycteris variegata LC
      • Genus: Hypsugo
        • Broad-headed pipistrelle Hypsugo crassulus LC
        • Eisentraut's pipistrelle Hypsugo eisentrauti DD
      • Genus: Laephotis
        • De Winton's long-eared bat Laephotis wintoni LC
      • Genus: Mimetillus
        • Moloney's mimic bat Mimetillus moloneyi LC
      • Genus: Neoromicia
        • Cape serotine Neoromicia capensis LC
        • Heller's pipistrelle Neoromicia helios DD
        • Melck's house bat Neoromicia melckorum DD
        • Banana pipistrelle Neoromicia nanus LC
        • Rendall's serotine Neoromicia rendalli LC
        • Somali serotine Neoromicia somalicus LC
        • White-winged serotine Neoromicia tenuipinnis LC
        • Zulu serotine Neoromicia zuluensis LC
      • Genus: Nycticeinops
        • Schlieffen's bat Nycticeinops schlieffeni LC
      • Genus: Pipistrellus
        • Mount Gargues pipistrelle Pipistrellus aero VU
        • Egyptian pipistrelle Pipistrellus deserti LC
        • Tiny pipistrelle Pipistrellus nanulus LC
        • Rüppell's pipistrelle Pipistrellus rueppelli LC
        • Rusty pipistrelle Pipistrellus rusticus LC
      • Genus: Scotoecus
        • White-bellied lesser house bat Scotoecus albigula DD
        • Light-winged lesser house bat Scotoecus albofuscus DD
        • Hinde's lesser house bat Scotoecus hindei DD
        • Dark-winged lesser house bat Scotoecus hirundo DD
      • Genus: Scotophilus
        • African yellow bat Scotophilus dinganii LC
        • White-bellied yellow bat Scotophilus leucogaster LC
        • Schreber's yellow bat Scotophilus nigrita NT
        • Nut-colored yellow bat Scotophilus nux LC
        • Greenish yellow bat Scotophilus viridis LC
    • Subfamily: Miniopterinae
      • Genus: Miniopterus
        • African long-fingered bat Miniopterus africanus LC
        • Lesser long-fingered bat Miniopterus fraterculus LC
        • Greater long-fingered bat Miniopterus inflatus LC
        • Least long-fingered bat Miniopterus minor NT
        • Natal long-fingered bat Miniopterus natalensis NT
        • Common bent-wing bat Miniopterus schreibersii LC
  • Family: Rhinopomatidae
    • Genus: Rhinopoma
      • Lesser mouse-tailed bat Rhinopoma hardwickei LC
      • Macinnes's mouse-tailed bat Rhinopoma macinnesi VU
  • Family: Molossidae
    • Genus: Chaerephon
      • Gland-tailed free-tailed bat Chaerephon bemmeleni LC
      • Spotted free-tailed bat Chaerephon bivittata LC
      • Chapin's free-tailed bat Chaerephon chapini DD
      • Lappet-eared free-tailed bat Chaerephon major LC
      • Little free-tailed bat Chaerephon pumila LC
      • Russet free-tailed bat Chaerephon russata NT
    • Genus: Mops
      • Sierra Leone free-tailed bat Mops brachypterus LC
      • Angolan free-tailed bat Mops condylurus LC
      • Mongalla free-tailed bat Mops demonstrator NT
      • Midas free-tailed bat Mops midas LC
      • Dwarf free-tailed bat Mops nanulus LC
      • Railer bat Mops thersites LC
    • Genus: Otomops
      • Large-eared free-tailed bat Otomops martiensseni NT
    • Genus: Platymops
      • Peters's flat-headed bat Platymops setiger DD
    • Genus: Tadarida
      • Egyptian free-tailed bat Tadarida aegyptiaca LC
      • Madagascan large free-tailed bat Tadarida fulminans LC
      • Kenyan big-eared free-tailed bat Tadarida lobata DD
      • African giant free-tailed bat Tadarida ventralis NT
  • Family: Emballonuridae
    • Genus: Coleura
      • African sheath-tailed bat Coleura afra LC
    • Genus: Saccolaimus
      • Pel's pouched bat Saccolaimus peli NT
    • Genus: Taphozous
      • Hamilton's tomb bat Taphozous hamiltoni NT
      • Hildegarde's tomb bat Taphozous hildegardeae VU
      • Mauritian tomb bat Taphozous mauritianus LC
      • Naked-rumped tomb bat Taphozous nudiventris LC
      • Egyptian tomb bat Taphozous perforatus LC
  • Family: Nycteridae
    • Genus: Nycteris
      • Bate's slit-faced bat Nycteris arge LC
      • Andersen's slit-faced bat Nycteris aurita DD
      • Large slit-faced bat Nycteris grandis LC
      • Hairy slit-faced bat Nycteris hispida LC
      • Large-eared slit-faced bat Nycteris macrotis LC
      • Dwarf slit-faced bat Nycteris nana LC
      • Egyptian slit-faced bat Nycteris thebaica LC
  • Family: Megadermatidae
    • Genus: Cardioderma
      • Heart-nosed bat Cardioderma cor LC
    • Genus: Lavia
      • Yellow-winged bat Lavia frons LC
  • Family: Rhinolophidae
    • Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
      • Genus: Rhinolophus
        • Halcyon horseshoe bat Rhinolophus alcyone LC
        • Geoffroy's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus clivosus LC
        • Darling's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus darlingi LC
        • Decken's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus deckenii DD
        • Eloquent horseshoe bat Rhinolophus eloquens DD
        • Rüppell's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus fumigatus LC
        • Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hildebrandti LC
        • Lander's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus landeri LC
        • Bushveld horseshoe bat Rhinolophus simulator LC
    • Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
      • Genus: Cloeotis
        • Percival's trident bat Cloeotis percivali VU
      • Genus: Hipposideros
        • Sundevall's roundleaf bat Hipposideros caffer LC
        • Greater roundleaf bat Hipposideros camerunensis DD
        • Cyclops roundleaf bat Hipposideros cyclops LC
        • Giant roundleaf bat Hipposideros gigas LC
        • Commerson's roundleaf bat Hipposideros marungensis NT
        • Ethiopian large-eared roundleaf bat Hipposideros megalotis NT
        • Noack's roundleaf bat Hipposideros ruber LC
      • Genus: Triaenops
        • Persian trident bat Triaenops persicus LC

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)


The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

  • Family: Manidae
    • Genus: Manis
      • Giant pangolin Manis gigantea LR/lc
      • Ground pangolin Manis temminckii LR/nt
      • Tree pangolin Manis tricuspis LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)


The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

  • Suborder: Mysticeti
    • Family: Balaenopteridae
      • Subfamily: Balaenopterinae
        • Genus: Balaenoptera
          • Common minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata LC
          • Sei whale Balaenoptera borealis EN
          • Bryde's whale Balaenoptera edeni DD
          • Blue whale Balaenoptera musculus EN
          • Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus EN
      • Subfamily: Megapterinae
        • Genus: Megaptera
          • Humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae VU
  • Suborder: Odontoceti
    • Superfamily: Platanistoidea
      • Family: Physeteridae
        • Genus: Physeter
          • Sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus VU
      • Family: Kogiidae
        • Genus: Kogia
          • Pygmy sperm whale Kogia breviceps LR/lc
          • Dwarf sperm whale Kogia sima LR/lc
      • Family: Ziphidae
        • Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae
          • Genus: Indopacetus
            • Longman's beaked whale Indopacetus pacificus DD
          • Genus: Ziphius
            • Cuvier's beaked whale Ziphius cavirostris DD
          • Genus: Mesoplodon
            • Blainville's beaked whale Mesoplodon densirostris DD
            • Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale Mesoplodon ginkgodens DD
      • Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
        • Genus: Steno
          • Rough-toothed dolphin Steno bredanensis DD
        • Genus: Sousa
          • Indian humpback dolphin Sousa plumbea DD
        • Genus: Tursiops
          • Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin Tursiops aduncus DD
          • Common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus DD
        • Genus: Stenella
          • Pantropical spotted dolphin Stenella attenuata LR/cd
          • Striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba LR/cd
          • Spinner dolphin Stenella longirostris LR/cd
        • Genus: Lagenodelphis
          • Fraser's dolphin Lagenodelphis hosei DD
        • Genus: Grampus
          • Risso's dolphin Grampus griseus DD
        • Genus: Feresa
          • Pygmy killer whale Feresa attenuata DD
        • Genus: Pseudorca
          • False killer whale Pseudorca crassidens LR/lc
        • Genus: Orcinus
          • Orca Orcinus orca LR/cd
        • Genus: Globicephala
          • Short-finned pilot whale Globicephala macrorhynchus LR/cd
        • Genus: Peponocephala
          • Melon-headed whale Peponocephala electra DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)


There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

  • Suborder: Feliformia
    • Family: Felidae (cats)
      • Subfamily: Felinae
        • Genus: Acinonyx
          • Tanzanian cheetah Acinonyx jubatus raineyii VU
        • Genus: Caracal
          • Caracal Caracal caracal LC
        • Genus: Felis
          • African wildcat Felis silvestris lybica LC
        • Genus: Leptailurus
          • Serval Leptailurus serval LC
        • Genus: Profelis
          • African golden cat Profelis aurata VU
      • Subfamily: Pantherinae
        • Genus: Panthera
          • Masai lion Panthera leo nubica VU
          • African leopard Panthera pardus pardus NT
    • Family: Viverridae (civets and genets)
      • Subfamily: Viverrinae
        • Genus: Civettictis
          • African civet Civettictis civetta LR/lc
        • Genus: Genetta
          • Common genet Genetta genetta LR/lc
          • Rusty-spotted genet Genetta maculata LR/lc
          • Servaline genet Genetta servalina LR/lc
    • Family: Nandiniidae
      • Genus: Nandinia
        • African palm civet Nandinia binotata LR/lc
    • Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
      • Genus: Bdeogale
        • Bushy-tailed mongoose Bdeogale crassicauda LR/lc
        • Jackson's mongoose Bdeogale jacksoni VU
      • Genus: Galerella
        • Slender mongoose Galerella sanguinea LR/lc
      • Genus: Helogale
        • Ethiopian dwarf mongoose Helogale hirtula LR/lc
        • Common dwarf mongoose Helogale parvula LR/lc
      • Genus: Herpestes
        • Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon LR/lc
        • Long-nosed mongoose Herpestes naso LR/lc
      • Genus: Ichneumia
        • White-tailed mongoose Ichneumia albicauda LR/lc
      • Genus: Mungos
        • Banded mongoose Mungos mungo LR/lc
    • Family: Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
      • Genus: Crocuta
        • Spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta LR/cd
      • Genus: Hyaena
        • Striped hyena Hyaena hyaena LR/nt
      • Genus: Proteles
        • Aardwolf Proteles cristatus LR/lc
  • Suborder: Caniformia
    • Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
      • Genus: Canis
        • Side-striped jackal Canis adustus LC
        • Golden jackal Canis aureus LC
        • Black-backed jackal Canis mesomelas LC
      • Genus: Otocyon
        • Bat-eared fox Otocyon megalotis LC
      • Genus: Lycaon
        • African wild dog Lycaon pictus EN
    • Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
      • Genus: Ictonyx
        • Striped polecat Ictonyx striatus LR/lc
      • Genus: Poecilogale
        • African striped weasel Poecilogale albinucha LR/lc
      • Genus: Mellivora
        • Ratel Mellivora capensis LR/lc
      • Genus: Lutra
        • Speckle-throated otter Lutra maculicollis LC
      • Genus: Aonyx
        • African clawless otter Aonyx capensis LC

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)


The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

  • Family: Equidae (horses etc.)
    • Genus: Equus
      • Plains zebra Equus quagga LC
      • Grevy's zebra Equus grevyi EN
  • Family: Rhinocerotidae
    • Genus: Diceros
      • Black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis CR

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)


The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

  • Family: Suidae (pigs)
    • Subfamily: Phacochoerinae
      • Genus: Phacochoerus
        • Desert warthog Phacochoerus aethiopicus LR/lc
        • Common warthog Phacochoerus africanus LR/lc
    • Subfamily: Suinae
      • Genus: Hylochoerus
        • Giant forest hog Hylochoerus meinertzhageni LR/lc
      • Genus: Potamochoerus
        • Bushpig Potamochoerus larvatus LR/lc
  • Family: Hippopotamidae (hippopotamuses)
    • Genus: Hippopotamus
      • Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius VU
  • Family: Giraffidae (giraffe, okapi)
    • Genus: Giraffa
      • Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis LR/cd
  • Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
    • Subfamily: Alcelaphinae
      • Genus: Alcelaphus
        • Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus LR/cd
      • Genus: Connochaetes
        • Blue wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus LR/cd
      • Genus: Damaliscus
        • Topi Damaliscus lunatus LR/cd
      • Genus: Beatragus
        • Hirola Beatragus hunteri CR
    • Subfamily: Antilopinae
      • Genus: Gazella
        • Grant's gazelle Gazella granti LR/cd
        • Soemmerring's gazelle Gazella soemmerringii VU
        • Thomson's gazelle Gazella thomsonii LR/cd
      • Genus: Litocranius
        • Gerenuk Litocranius walleri LR/cd
      • Genus: Madoqua
        • Günther's dik-dik Madoqua guentheri LR/lc
        • Kirk's dik-dik Madoqua kirkii LR/lc
        • Salt's dik-dik Madoqua saltiana LR/lc
      • Genus: Neotragus
        • Suni Neotragus moschatus LR/cd
      • Genus: Oreotragus
        • Klipspringer Oreotragus oreotragus LR/cd
      • Genus: Ourebia
        • Oribi Ourebia ourebi LR/cd
      • Genus: Raphicerus
        • Steenbok Raphicerus campestris LR/lc
    • Subfamily: Bovinae
      • Genus: Syncerus
        • African buffalo Syncerus caffer LR/cd
      • Genus: Tragelaphus
        • Bongo Tragelaphus eurycerus LR/nt
        • Lesser kudu Tragelaphus imberbis LR/cd
        • Common eland Tragelaphus oryx LR/cd
        • Bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus LR/lc
        • Sitatunga Tragelaphus spekii LR/nt
        • Greater kudu Tragelaphus strepsiceros LR/cd
    • Subfamily: Cephalophinae
      • Genus: Cephalophus
        • Aders' duiker Cephalophus adersi CR
        • Peters's duiker Cephalophus callipygus LR/nt
        • Harvey's duiker Cephalophus harveyi LR/cd
        • Blue duiker Cephalophus monticola LR/lc
        • Black-fronted duiker Cephalophus nigrifrons LR/nt
        • Yellow-backed duiker Cephalophus silvicultor LR/nt
        • Weyns's duiker Cephalophus weynsi LR/nt
      • Genus: Sylvicapra
        • Common duiker Sylvicapra grimmia LR/lc
    • Subfamily: Hippotraginae
      • Genus: Hippotragus
        • Roan antelope Hippotragus equinus LR/cd
        • Sable antelope Hippotragus niger LR/cd
      • Genus: Oryx
        • Gemsbok Oryx gazella LR/cd
    • Subfamily: Aepycerotinae
      • Genus: Aepyceros
        • Impala Aepyceros melampus LR/cd
    • Subfamily: Reduncinae
      • Genus: Kobus
        • Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus LR/cd
        • Kob Kobus kob LR/cd
      • Genus: Redunca
        • Mountain reedbuck Redunca fulvorufula LC
        • Bohor reedbuck Redunca redunca LR/cd

Notes


Kenya 3D: Animal Kingdom | Audubon Nature Institute

References


Pictured: Giraffe sticks his neck out to join family for breakfast ...
  • "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Kenya". IUCN. 2001. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  • "Mammal Species of the World". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 2005. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  • "Animal Diversity Web". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 1995â€"2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 

See also


List of birds of Kenya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • List of chordate orders
  • List of regional mammals lists
  • List of prehistoric mammals
  • Mammal classification
  • New mammal species

East African oryx - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
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