Jumat, 05 Juni 2015

This is a list of mammals found in India. The taxonomic order is based on Wilson and Reeder (1993) and this list is largely based on Nameer (2000).

The mammals of India ranges in size from the Eurasian pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus) to the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus). Many of the carnivores and larger mammals are restricted in their distribution to forests in protected areas, while others live within the cities in the close proximity of humans.

Some species are common to the point of being considered vermin while others are exceedingly rare. Many species are known from just a few specimens in museums collected in the 19th and 20th centuries. These enigmatic species include nocturnal small mammals such as the Malabar Civet (Viverra megaspila). While the status of many of these species is unknown, some are definitely extinct. Populations of many carnivores are threatened. The tiger (Panthera tigris), dhole (Cuon alpinus), Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), Malabar Large-spotted Civet (Viverra civettina) and Himalayan Wolf (Canis himalayensis) are some of the most endangered species of carnivore. Two species of Rhinoceros are extinct within the Indian region but the remaining species has its last stronghold within India. The Asiatic Cheetah is believed to have gone extinct.

ORDER: Insectivora


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Family Erinaceidae: Hedgehogs

  • Longeared desert hedgehog (Hemiechinus collaris) (Gray, 1830)
  • Brandt's hedgehog (Hemiechinus hypomelas)
  • Indian Pale Hedgehog Paraechinus micropus (Blyth (1846)
  • Madras Hedgehog Paraechinus micropus nudiventris (Horsfield, 1851) (endemic)

Family Talpidae: Moles

  • White-tailed Mole Parascaptor leucura (Blyth, 1850)
  • Himalayan Mole Euroscaptor micrura (Hodgson, 1841)

Family Soricidae: Shrews

Soricinae

  • Mole Shrew Anourosorex squamipes Milne-Edwards, 1872
  • Himalayan Water Shrew (Chimarrogale himalayica) (Gray, 1842)
  • Sikkim (Tibetan, Elegant) Water Shrew Nectogale elegans Milne-Edwards, 1870.
  • Eurasian pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus) Linnaeus, 1766
  • Flat-headed (Kashmir) Shrew (Sorex planiceps) Miller, 1911
  • Asiatic shrew/Hodgson's brown-toothed shrew (Soriculus caudatus) (Horsfield, 1851)
  • Indian long-tailed shrew (Soriculus leucops) (Horsfield, 1851)
  • Small long-tailed shrew/Arboreal brown-toothed shrew (Soriculus macrurus) Blanford, 1888
  • Sikkim large-clawed shrew (Soriculus nigrescens) (Gray, 1842)

Crocidurinae

  • White-toothed Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis) Miller,1902
  • Grey shrew (Crocidura attenuata) Milne-Edwards, 1872.
  • Southeast Asian White-toothed shrew (Crocidura fuliginosa) (Blyth, 1856)
  • Horsfield's shrew (Crocidura horsfieldi) (Tomes,1856)
  • Andaman spiny shrew (Crocidura hispida) Thomas, 1913.
  • Jenkin's shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi) Chakraborthy,1978
  • Bicoloured White-toothed Shrew Crocidura leucodon (Zimmermann, 1780).
  • Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica) Miller, 1902.
  • Pale Grey Shrew Crocidura pergrisea Miller, 1913.
  • Kashmir White-toothed Shrew Crocidura pullata Miller, 1911.
  • Kelaart's Long-clawed Shrew Feroculus feroculus (Kelaart, 1850).
  • Musk shrew (Suncus dayi) (Dobson, 1888). (endemic)
  • Savi's pygmy shrew (Suncus etruscus) (Savi, 1822).
  • House shrew/Musk shrew (Suncus murinus) (Linnaeus, 1766).
  • Anderson's shrew/Yellowthroated shrew (Suncus stoliczkanus) (Anderson, 1877).

ORDER: Scandentia


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Family Tupaiidae: Treeshrews

Tupaiinae

  • Indian Treeshrew (Anathana ellioti) (Waterhouse, 1850)
  • Northern Treeshrew (Tupaia belangeri) (Wagner, 1841)
  • Nicobar Treeshrew (Tupaia nicobarica) (Zelebor,1869).

ORDER: Chiroptera: Bats


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Family Pteropodidae: Fruit Bats

  • Malaysian Fruit Bat (Cynopterus brachyotis) (Muller,1838)
  • Short-nosed Fruit Bat (Cynopterus sphinx) (Vahl,1797)
  • Lesser Dawn Bat (Eonycteris spelaea) (Dobson, 1871)
  • Salim Ali's Fruit Bat (Latidens salimalii) Thonglongya, 1972
  • Greater long-tongued Fruit Bat (Macroglossus sobrinus) K.Anderson, 1911
  • Niphan's tailless Fruit Bat (Megaerops niphanae) Yenbutra and Felten, 1983.
  • Nicobar/Erabu flying fox (Pteropus faunulus) Miller,1902.
  • Indian flying fox (Pteropus giganteus) (Brunnich,1782).
  • Variable flying fox (Pteropus hypomelanus) Temminck, 1853
  • Christmas Island flying fox (Pteropus melanotus) Blyth,1863
  • Golden-capped Fruit Bat (Pteropus vampyrus) (Linnaeus,1758)
  • Egyptian Fruit Bat (Rousettus egyptiacus) (Geoffroy, 1810) a.k.a. Egyptian Rousette
  • Fulvous Fruit Bat (Rousettus leschenaulti) (Desmarest, 1820) a.k.a. Leschenault's Rousette
  • Mountain Fruit Bat (Sphaerias blanfordi) (Thomas, 1891)

Family Rhinopomatidae: Mouse-tailed Bats

  • Small mouse-tailed Bat (Rhinopoma hardwickii ) Gray, 1831
  • Mouse-tailed Bat (Rhinopoma microphyllum) (Brunnich, 1782)

Family Emballonuridae: Sheath-tailed Bats

  • Long-armed sheath-tailed Bat (Taphozous longimanus) Hardwicke, 1825
  • Black-bearded sheath-tailed Bat (Taphozous melanopogon ) Temminck, 1841
  • Naked-rumped Tomb Bat (Taphozous nudiventris ) Cretzschmar, 1830
  • Tomb Bat/Egyptian Tomb Bat (Taphozous perforatus ) E. Geoffroy, 1818
  • Sheath-tailed Bat (Taphozous saccolaimus ) (Temminck, 1838)
  • Theobald's Tomb Bat (Taphozous theobaldi) Dobson, 1872

Family Megadermatidae: False Vampire Bats

  • Indian false vampire Bat (Megaderma lyra) E. Geoffroy, 1810
  • Asian false vampire Bat (Megaderma spasma) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family Rhinolophidae: Horseshoe Bats

  • Intermediate horseshoe bat/Acuminate horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus affinis) Horsfield, 1823
  • Kindred horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus cognatus) K. Andersen, 1906
  • Greater horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) (Schreber, 1774)
  • Lesser horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) (Bechstein, 1800).
  • Blyth's horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus lepidus) Blyth, 1844.
  • Great Indian horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus luctus) Temminck, 1835
  • Mitred Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus mitratus Blyth, 1844 (endemic to Bihar)
  • Horsfield's horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus pearsonii) Horsfield, 1851
  • Least horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus pusillus ) Temminck, 1834
  • Rufous horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus rouxi) Temminck, 1835
  • Chestnut horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus subbadius) Blyth, 1844
  • Trefoil horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus trifoliatus) Temminck, 1834
  • Dobson's horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus yunanensis) Dobson, 1872

Family Hipposideridae: Leaf-nosed Bats

  • Tailless leaf-nosed Bat (Coelops frithi) Blyth, 1848
  • Great Himalayan leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros armiger) (Hodgson, 1835)
  • Dusky leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros ater) Templeton, 1848
  • Least round-leaf horse-shoe Bat (Hipposideros cineraceus) Blyth, 1853 = Old World leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros durgadasi) Corbet and Hill (1992)
  • Large Malayan leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros diadema) E.Geoffroy, 1813
  • Fulvous leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros fulvus) Gray, 1838.
  • Common round-leaf horse-shoe Bat (Hipposideros galeritus) Cantor, 1846.
  • Great Ceylon leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros lankadiva) Kelaart, 1850.
  • Intermediate round-leaf Bat (Hipposideros larvatus) (Horsfield, 1823).
  • Round-leaf Bat (Hipposideros pomona) K. Andersen, 1918.
  • Split round-leaf Bat/Bellary Leaf-nosed Bat (Hipposideros schistaceus) K. Andersen, 1918.
  • Schneider's round-leaf Bat (Hipposideros speoris) (Schneider, 1800).

Family Vespertilionidae: Evening Bats

  • Asian/Eastern Barbestelle Bat (Barbastella leucomelas) (Cretzschmar, 1830).
  • Bobinskii's Serotine Eptesicus nilssoni (endemic) (Kashmir) (Keyserling and Blasius, 1839) = Northern Serotine Bat (Eptesicus gobiensis) Corbet and Hill, (1992)
  • Dobson's Bat (Eptesicus pachyotis) (Dobson, 1871)
  • Common Serotine Bat (Eptesicus serotinus) (Schreber, 1774).
  • Tate's Serotine Bat (Eptesicus tatei) Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1951.
  • Tickell's Bat (Hesperoptenus tickelli) (Blyth, 1851).
  • Not Available (Hesperoptenus blanfordi)
  • Great Evening Bat (Ia io) Thomas, 1902.
  • Hairy-faced Bat (Myotis annectans) (Dobson, 1871)
  • Lesser mouse-eared Bat (Myotis blythii) (Tomes, 1857)
  • Daubenton's Bat (Myotis daubentonii) (Kuhl, 1817).
  • Korean orange-whiskered Bat (Myotis formosus) (Hodgson, 1835).
  • Large-footed Bat (Myotis hasseltii) (Temminck, 1840).
  • Horsfield's myotis Bat (Myotis horsfieldii) (Temminck, 1840).
  • Long-fingered Bat (Myotis longipes) (Dobson, 1873).
  • Large brown myotis Bat (Myotis montivagus) (Dobson, 1874).
  • Dark-whiskered Bat (Myotis muricola) (Gray, 1846).
  • Whiskered Bat (Myotis mystacinus) (Kuhl, 1817).
  • Peshwa bat (Myotis peshwa) (Thomas, 1915).
  • Ridley's Bat (Myotis ridleyi)
  • Little brown Bat (Myotis sicarius) Thomas, 1915
  • Small-toothed whiskered Bat (Myotis siligorensis) (Horsfield, 1855).
  • Leisler's noctule/hairyarmed Bat (Nyctalus leisleri) (Kuhl, 1817).
  • Medium-sized noctule (Nyctalus montanus) (Barrett-Hamilton, 1906)
  • Common noctule (Nyctalus noctula) (Schreber, 1774)
  • Hemprich's long-eared Bat (Otonycteris hemprichii) Peters, 1859
  • Dormer's Pipistrelle Bat Pipistrellus dormeri (Dobson, 1875) =Dormer's Bat (Scotozous dormeri)
  • Dobson's chocolate (brown) Bat (Pipistrellus affinis) (Dobson, 1871)
  • Cadorna's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus cadornae) Thomas, 1916
  • Kelaart's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus ceylonicus) (Kelaart, 1852)
  • Indian pipistrelle (Pipistrellus coromandra) (Gray, 1838).
  • Himalayan pipistrelle (Pipistrellus javanicus) (Gray, 1838)
  • Kuhl's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii) (Kuhl, 1817).
  • Thomas' pipistrelle (Pipistrellus paterculus) Thomas, 1915
  • Common pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) (Schreber, 1774)
  • Savi's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus savii) (Bonaparte, 1837)
  • Least pipistrelle (Pipistrellus tenuis) (Temminck, 1840)
  • Brown longeared Bat (Plecotus auritus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Grey longeared Bat (Plecotus austriacus) (J.Fischer, 1829)
  • Yellow desert Bat (Scotoecus pallidus) (Dobson, 1876).
  • Harlequin Bat (Scotomanes ornatus) (Dobson, 1871) (=S. emarginatus)
  • Common yellowbellied Bat (Scotophilus heathii) (Horsfield, 1831)
  • Temminck's house bat/Lesser house Bat (Scotophilus kuhlii) Leach, 1821
  • Philippine bamboo Bat (Tylonycteris pachypus) (Temminck, 1840)
  • Frosted bat/Particolored Bat (Vespertilio murinus) Linnaeus, 1758
  • Small bent-winged Bat (Miniopterus pusillus) Dobson, 1876
  • Schreiber's long-fingered Bat (Miniopterus schreibersii) (Kuhl, 1817).
  • Hairy-winged Bat (Harpiocephalus harpia) Gray, 1842
  • Round-eared tube-nosed Bat (Murina cyclotis) Dobson, 1872
  • Tube-nosed insectivorous Bat (Murina grisea) Peters, 1872
  • Hutton's Tube-nosed Bat (Murina huttoni) (Peters, 1872)
  • Great tube-nosed bat/Long-nosed goblin Bat (Murina leucogaster) Milne-Edwards, 1872
  • Gilgit tube-nosed Bat (Murina tubinaris) (Scully, 1881).
  • Little tube-nosed Bat (Murina aurata)
  • Hardwicke's forest Bat (Kerivoula hardwickii) (Horsfield, 1824).
  • Papillose woolly Bat (Kerivoula papillosa) (Temminck, 1840).
  • Painted butterfly Bat (Kerivoula picta) (Pallas, 1767).

Family Molossidae: Free-tailed Bats

  • Wroughton's free-tailed Bat (Otomops wroughtoni) (Thomas, 1913).
  • Egyptian free-tailed Bat (Tadarida aegyptiaca) (E. Geoffroy, 1818).
  • Wrinkled-lipped Bat (Tadarida plicata) =Chaerephon plicata (Buchanan, 1800)
  • European free-tailed Bat (Tadarida teniotis) (Rafinesque, 1814)

ORDER: Primates


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Family Lorisidae: Lorises

  • Bengal Slow Loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) (Lacépède, 1800)
  • Slender Loris ("Loris lydekkerianus") (É. Geoffroy, 1796)

Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys

  • Stump-tailed Macaque (Macaca arctoides) (I. Geoffroy, 1831)
  • Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis) (M’Clelland, 1840)
  • Nicobar Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis umbrosa)
  • Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) (Zimmermann, 1780).
  • Arunachal Macaque (Macaca munzala) Sinha et al., 2004
  • Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina) (Linnaeus, 1766).
  • Bonnet Macaque (Macaca radiata) (endemic) (E.Geoffroy, 1812).
  • Tibetan Macaque (Macaca thibetana) (Milne-Edwards, 1870)
  • Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) (endemic) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Common langurs (Semnopithecus spp.)
  • Nepal Gray Langur (Semnopithecus schistaceus)
  • Kashmir Gray Langur (Semnopithecus ajax)
  • Tarai Gray Langur (Semnopithecus hector)
  • Northern Plains Gray Langur (Semnopithecus entellus) (Dufresne, 1797)
  • Black-footed Gray Langur (Semnopithecus hypoleucos)
  • Southern Plains Gray Langur (Semnopithecus dussumieri)
  • Tufted Gray Langur (Semnopithecus priam)
  • Golden Langur (Trachypithecus geei) Khajuria, 1956
  • Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) (endemic) (J. Fischer, 1829)
  • Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus) (Blyth, 1843).
  • Phayre's Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei) (Blyth, 1847)

Family Hylobatidae: Lesser apes (gibbons)

  • Hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) (Harlan, 1834).

ORDER: Carnivora: Carnivorans


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Family Canidae: Canines/Dogs

  • Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) Linnaeus, 1758
  • Indian Wolf Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Dhole (Cuon alpinus) (Pallas, 1811)
  • Indian fox (Vulpes bengalensis) (Shaw, 1800).
  • Blanford's fox (Vulpes cana)) Blanford, 1877
  • Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Tibetan Sand Fox (Vulpes ferrilata) (Hodgson, 1842)

Family Ursidae: Bears

  • Malayan Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) (Raffles, 1821)
  • Himalayan Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus) Cuvier, 1823
  • Brown Bear (Ursus arctos)
  • Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus)

Family Ailuropodidae: Pandas

  • Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) Cuvier, 1825

Family Mustelidae: Mustelids

  • Himalayan yellow-throated Marten (Martes flavigula) (Boddaert, 1785).
  • Beech Marten (Martes foina) (Erxleben, 1777)
  • Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii) Horsfield, 1851
  • Pale Weasel Mustela altaica Pallas, 1811.
  • Yellow-bellied Weasel (Mustela kathiah) Hodgson, 1835
  • Himalayan Weasel (Mustela sibirica)
  • Ermine/Stoat Mustela erminea ferghanae Linnaeus, 1758.
  • Tibetan Polecat Mustela putorius larvatus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Striped-backed Weasel (Mustela strigidorsa) Gray, 1855
  • Ratel (Mellivora capensis) (Schreber, 1776)
  • Hog Badger (Arctonyx collaris) Cuvier, 1825
  • Chinese Ferret Badger (Melogale moschata) (Gray, 1831)
  • Burmese Ferret Badger (Melogale personata) Geoffroy, 1831
  • Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Amblonyx cinereus) Illiger, 1815
  • Common Otter (Lutra lutra) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Smooth Indian Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1826).

Family Viverridae: Civets

  • Binturong (Arctitis binturong albifrons) (Raffles, 1821).
  • Small-toothed Palm Civet (Arctogalidia trivirgata) (Gray, 1832).
  • Himalayan Palm Civet (Paguma larvata) (Hamilton Smith, 1827).
  • Toddy Cat (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) (Pallas, 1777).
  • Brown Palm Civet (Paradoxurus jerdoni) Blanford, 1885.
  • Spotted Linsang (Prionodon pardicolor) Hodgson, 1842
  • Malabar large-spotted Civet (Viverra civettina) Blyth, 1862
  • Malabar Civet (Viverra megaspila)
  • Large Indian Civet (Viverra zibetha) Linnaeus, 1758
  • Small Indian Civet (Viverricula indica) (Desmarest, 1804).

Family Herpestidae: Mongooses

  • Common mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818).
  • Brown mongoose (Herpestes fuscus) Gray, 1837.
  • Small Indian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818).
  • Ruddy mongoose (Herpestes smithii) Gray, 1837.
  • Crab-eating mongoose (Herpestes urva) (Hodgson, 1836)
  • Striped-necked mongoose (Herpestes vitticollis) Bennett, 1835.
  • Indian marsh mongoose (Herpestes palustris) (endemic)

Family Hyaenidae: Hyaenas

  • Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena) (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family Felidae: Felines/Cats

  • Indian / Asiatic Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus) (Schreber, 1776).
  • Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii) (Vigors and Horsfield, 1827).
  • Caracal (Felis caracal) (Schreber, 1776).
  • Lynx (Lynx lynx) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  • Asiatic Wildcat (Felis silvestris ornata)
  • Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  • Indian Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) (Meyer, 1794).
  • Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  • Snow leopard (Panthera uncia) (Schreber, 1775).
  • Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata) (Martin, 1837).
  • Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) (Griffith, 1821)
  • Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Prater (1971)
  • Rusty spotted Cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831).
  • Fishing Cat (Felis viverrina) (Bennett, 1833).
  • Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) Schreber, 1777
  • Pallas Cat (Felis manul) (Pallas, 1776)

ORDER: Cetacea: Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises


Animals In Endangered: List of Endangered Animals in India

Family Delphinidae

  • Common Dolphin (Delphinus delphis) Linnaeus, 1758
  • Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Gray, 1846.
  • Risso's Dolphin (Grampus griseus) (G.Cuvier, 1812).
  • Irrawady Dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) (Gray, 1866).
  • Orca (Orcinus orca) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Melon-headed Whale (Peponocephala electra) (Gray, 1846).
  • False Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassidens) (Owen, 1846).
  • Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata Gray, 1875
  • Humpback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) (Osbeck, 1765)
  • Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris) (Gray, 1828).
  • Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops aduncus Ehrenberg, 1833)
  • Fraser’s Dolphin Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser, 1957
  • Pantropical Spotted (Bridled) Dolphin Stenella attenuata (Gray, 1846).
  • Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1833).
  • Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis (Lesson, 1828).

Family Platanistidae: River Dolphins

  • Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
  • Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)
  • Indus River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor)

Family Balaenoptridae

  • Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Lacépède, 1804
  • Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis) (Lesson, 1828)
  • Bryde's Whale (Balaenoptera edeni) (Anderson, 1879)
  • Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) (Borowski, 1781).

Family Balaenidae

  • Southern Right whale (Eubalaena australis) (Desmoulins, 1822) (evidence unclear)

Family Ziphiidae

  • Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris) (Blainville, 1817)
  • Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville, 1817)
  • Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale Mesoplodon ginkgodens Nishiwaki and Kamiya, 1958.

Family Phocoenidae

  • Pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) (Blainville, 1838)
  • Dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima) (Owen, 1866)
  • Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides) (G. Cuvier, 1829).
  • Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) Linnaeus, 1758

ORDER:Sirenia



Family Dugongidae

  • Dugong (Dugong dugon) (Muller, 1776)

ORDER: Proboscidea



Family Elephantidae: Elephants

  • Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Linnaeus, 1758.

ORDER: Perissodactyla: Odd-toed ungulates



Family Equidae: Horses

  • Kiang (Equus kiang) Moorcroft, 1841
  • Asiatic wild Ass (Equus hemionus khur) Corbet and Hill (1992) (=Equus onager Boddaert, 1785)

Family Rhinocerotidae: Rhinoceroses

  • Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)
  • Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) (G. Fischer, 1814) (D. s. lasiotis - last record in 1997 from Anko range, Manipur, Turnsang district, Nagaland)
  • Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) (Extinct within India)

ORDER: Artiodactyla: Even-toed Ungulates



Family Suidae: Pigs

  • Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) Hodgson, 1847 Earlier Sus salvanius (Hodgson, 1847)
  • Indian wild boar (Sus scrofa) Linnaeus, 1758.

Family Tragulidae: Chevrotains

  • Indian Spotted Chevrotain (Moschiola indica) Gray, 1852 (The old name of Moschiola meminna is now used for the Sri Lankan species.)

Family Moschidae

  • Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster) (Hodgson, 1839))
  • Black Musk Deer (Moschus fuscus) Li, 1981.

Family Cervidae: Deer

  • Cheetal/Spotted Deer (Axis axis) (Erxleben, 1777)
  • Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) (Zimmermann, 1780)
  • Barasingha/Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli) G. Cuvier, 1823
  • Thamin, Sangai or Manipur Brow-antlered Deer (Cervus eldii) McClelland, 1842
  • Sambar (Cervus unicolor) Kerr, 1792.
  • Hangul (Cervus affinis hanglu) Linnaeus, 1758
  • Barking Deer/Munjtac (Muntiacus muntjak) (Zimmermann, 1780)
  • Leaf Muntjac (Muntiacus putaoensis)
  • Black Muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons)

Family Bovidae: Bovids

  • Yak (Bos grunniens) Linnaeus, 1766.
  • Gaur (Bos gaurus) Smith, 1827
  • Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) (Pallas, 1766).
  • Wild buffalo (Bubalus arnee) Kerr, 1792
  • Chinkara (Gazella bennettii) (Sykes, 1831)
  • Four-horned antelope/Chausingha (Tetracerus quadricornis) (Blainville, 1816)
  • Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  • Chiru or Tibetan Antelope (Pantholops hodgsoni) (Abel, 1826)
  • Tibetan Gazelle/Goa (Procapra picticauda) Hodgson, 1846
  • Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) Hodgson, 1850.
  • Wild Goat or Sind Ibex (Capra aegagrus)
  • Markhor (Capra falconeri) (Wagner, 1839).
  • Ibex (Capra ibex) Linnaeus, 1758.
  • Nilgiri tahr (endemic) Nilgiritragus hylocrius (Ogilby, 1838) (formerly considered close to the Himalayan Tahr and treated as Hemitragus hylocrius)
  • Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) (H. Smith, 1826)
  • Serow (Naemorhedus sumatraensis) Corbet and Hill,1992 =Capricornis sumatraensis (Bechstein, 1799)
  • Bharal (Pseudois nayaur nayayr) (Hodgson, 1833).
  • Marco Polo sheep (Ovis ammon polii)
  • Nayan or Great Tibetan Sheep (Ovis ammon hodgsonii) (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • Urial/Shapu (Ovis orientalis vignei) Gmelin, 1774
  • Red Goral (Naemorhedus baileyi) Pocock, 1914
  • Chinese Goral (Naemorhedus caudatus)
  • Gray Goral (Naemorhedus goral) (Hardwicke, 1825)

ORDER: Pholidota: Pangolins



Family Manidae: Pangolins

  • Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) Gray, 1827.
  • Malayan pangolin (Manis javanica)
  • Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) Linnaeus, 1758.

ORDER: Rodentia



Family Sciuridae: Squirrels

  • Red-bellied tree squirrel (Callosciurus erythraeus) (Pallas, 1779).
  • Hoary-bellied Himalayan squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus) (I. Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, 1831).
  • Orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel (Dremomys lokriah) (Hodgson, 1863).
  • Pernyi's squirrel (Dremomys pernyi) (Milne-Edwards, 1867).
  • Red-cheeked squirrel (Dremomys rufigenis) (Blanford, 1878).

(Included but taxonomy dependent - Layard's palm squirrel (Funambulus layardi) (Blyth, 1849).)

  • Three-striped palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) (Linnaeus, 1766).
  • Jungle Striped Squirrel Funambulus tristriatus (Waterhouse, 1837). (endemic)
  • Five-striped palm squirrel (Funambulus pennantii) Wroughton, 1905.
  • Dusky-striped squirrel (Funambulus sublineatus) (Waterhouse, 1838).
  • Himalayan Marmot (Marmota himalayana) (Hodgson, 1841) = Bobak Marmot (Marmota bobak himalayana) Prater (1971)
  • Golden Marmot (Marmota caudata) (Geoffroy, 1844).
  • Malayan giant squirrel (Ratufa bicolor gigantea) (Sparrman, 1778)
  • Indian giant squirrel (Ratufa indica) (Erxleben, 1777)
  • Grizzled giant squirrel (Ratufa macroura) (Pennant, 1769).
  • Himalayan striped squirrel (Tamiops mcclellandii) (Horsfield, 1840).

Family Pteromyidae: Flying squirrels

  • Hairy-footed flying squirrel (Belomys pearsonii) (Gray, 1842) (=Trogopterus pearsonii)
  • Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) Saha, 1981
  • Kashmir woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) Thomas, 1888
  • Particoloured flying squirrel (Hylopetes alboniger) (Hodgson, 1836).
  • Kashmir flying squirrel (Hylopetes baberi) (Blyth, 1847)
  • Small Kashmir Flying Squirrel Hylopetes fimbriatus (Gray, 1837)
  • Grey-headed flying squirrel (Petaurista elegans) (Muller, 1840)
  • Hodgson's flying squirrel (Petaurista magnificus) (Hodgson, 1836)
  • Noble giant flying squirrel (Petaurista nobilis) (Gray, 1842).
  • Giant red flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista) (Pallas, 1766)
  • Large brown flying squirrel (Petaurista philippensis) (Elliot, 1839)
  • Mechuka Giant flying squirrel (Petaurista mechukaensis) (Choudhury, 2007)
  • Mishmi Hills giant flying squirrel (Petaurista mishmiensis) Choudhury, 2009
  • Small Travancore flying squirrel (Petinomys fuscocapillus) (Jerdon, 1847)

Family Muridae: Old World Rats, Mice

  • Korean field mouse (Apodemus draco) (Barrett-Hamilton, 1900) = Long-tailed field mouse (Apodemus orestes)
  • Korean field mouse (Apodemus latronum) (Corbet and Hill, 1992)
  • Kashmir Wood Mouse Apodemus rusiges Miller, 1913
  • Wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  • Wroughton's Wood Mouse Apodemus wardi (Wroughton, 1908).
  • Indian mole rat (Bandicota bengalensis) (Gray and Hardwicke, 1833)
  • Bandicoot rat (Bandicota indica) (Bechstein, 1800)
  • Bower's rat (Berylmys bowersii) (Anderson, 1879)
  • Kenneth's White-toothed Rat (Berylmys mackenziei) (Thomas, 1916)
  • Manipur White-toothed Rat (Berylyms manipulus) (Thomas, 1916)
  • Pencil-tailed tree mouse (Chiropodomys gliroides) (Blyth, 1856).
  • Blanford's Rat (Cremnomys blanfordi) (Thomas, 1881).
  • Cutch rock rat (Cremnomys cutchicus) Wroughton, 1912.
  • Elvira Rat (Cremnomys elvira) (Ellerman, 1946) (Known only from Kurumbapatti, Salem)
  • Large-toothed giant rat/Millard's rat (Dacnomys millardi) Thomas, 1916
  • Manipur mouse (Diomys crumpi) Thomas, 1917
  • Edward's giant rat (Leopoldamys edwardsi) (Thomas, 1882)
  • Murray's soft-furred rat (Millardia gleadowi) (Murray, 1886)
  • Asian soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana) Mishra and Dhanda, 1975
  • Soft-furred field rat or metad (Millardia meltada) (Gray, 1837).
  • Manipur bush rat (Hadromys humei) (Thomas, 1886)
  • Indian field mouse (Mus booduga) (Gray, 1837)
  • Fawn-coloured mouse (Mus cervicolor)
  • Cook's mouse (Mus cookii) Ryley, 1914.
  • House/Rice-field mouse (Mus dunni) (=Mus terricolor Blyth, 1851)
  • Servant mouse/Shrew mouse (Mus famulus) Bonhote, 1898 (endemic to the Western Ghats)
  • House mouse (Mus musculus) Linnaeus, 1758.
  • Shrew mouse (Mus pahari) Thomas, 1916.
  • Spiny mouse (Mus phillipsi) Wroughton, 1912.
  • Spiny field mouse (Mus platythrix) Bennett, 1832. (endemic)
  • Grey spiny mouse (Mus saxicola) Elliot, 1839
  • Short-tailed mole (Nesokia indica) (Gray and Hardwicke, 1830).
  • Brahma White-bellied Rat (Niviventer brahma) (Thomas, 1914).
  • Smoke-bellied Rat (Niviventer eha) (Wroughton, 1916).
  • Chestnut White-bellied Rat (Niviventer fulvescens) (Gray, 1847).
  • Lang Bian White-bellied Rat (Niviventer langbianis) (Robinson and Kloss, 1922).
  • White-bellied Rat (Niviventer niviventer) (Hodgson, 1836).
  • Tenasserim white-bellied rat (Niviventer tenaster)) (Thomas, 1916).
  • Miller's Rat Rattus burrus (Miller, 1902) (Nicobars)
  • Polynesian/ Pacific rat (Rattus exulans)
  • Himalayan rat (Rattus nitidus) (Hodgson, 1845)
  • Brown rat/Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) (Berkenhout, 1769).
  • Palm rat (Rattus palmarum) (Zelebor, 1869) (Nicobars)
  • Kerala rat (Rattus ranjiniae) Agarwal and Ghosal, 1969. (Western Ghats)
  • Common house rat (Rattus rattus) (Linnaeus, 1758).
  • Sikkim Rat Rattus sikkimensis Hinton, 1919 = Sikkim rat (Rattus remotus) (Corbet and Hill, 1992)
  • Andaman rat (Rattus stoicus) (Miller, 1902)
  • Malayan wood rat/Malayan field rat (Rattus tiomanicus) (Miller, 1900).
  • Turkestan rat (Rattus turkestanicus) (Satunin, 1903)
  • Long-tailed tree mouse (Vandeleuria oleracea) (Bennett, 1832) = Indian long-tailed tree mouse (Vandeleuria nilagirica)
  • Indian desert jird (Meriones hurrianae) Jerdon, 1867
  • Eurasian harvest mouse (Micromys minutus) (Pallas, 1771)
  • Ladakh Hamster Cricetulus alticola Thomas, 1917
  • Armenian hamster (Cricetulus migratorius) (Pallas, 1773).
  • Indian gerbille (Tatera indica) (Hardwicke, 1807)
  • Indian hairy-footed gerbil (Gerbillus gleadowi) Murray, 1886
  • Baluchistan gerbil (Gerbillus nanus) Blanford, 1875
  • Indian bush rat (Golunda ellioti) Gray, 1837
  • Malabar spiny dormouse (Platacanthomys lasiurus) Blyth, 1859
  • White-tailed Mountain Vole Alticola albicauda (True, 1894)
  • Kashmir Mountain Vole Alticola montosa (True, 1894)
  • Royle's Mountain Vole Aticola roylei (Gray, 1842)
  • Alticola stoliczkanus (Blanford, 1875)
  • Silvery Mountain Vole Alticola argentatus (Severtzov, 1879).
  • Thomas's Mountain Vole Alticola stracheyi (Thomas, 1880).
  • Pere David's vole (Eothenomys melanogaster) (Milne-Edwards, 1871)
  • Murree vole/Punjab vole (Hyperacrius wynnei) (Blanford, 1881).
  • Blyth's Vole Microtus leusurus (Blyth, 1863)
  • True's Vole Hyperacrius fertilis (True, 1894).
  • Sikkim Vole Microtus sikimensis (Hodgson, 1849)
  • Bay bamboo rat (Cannomys badius) (Hodgson, 1841)
  • Hoary bamboo rat (Rhizomys pruinosus) Blyth, 1851.

Family Hystricidae: Old World Porcupines

  • Bush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus macrourus assamensis ) (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Malayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) Linnaeus, 1758.
  • Indian porcupine (Hystrix indica) Kerr, 1792.

ORDER: Lagomorpha: Hares, Rabbits, Pikas



Family Leporidae: Hares and Rabbits

  • Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus) (Pearson, 1839).
  • Cape Hare (Lepus capensis) Linnaeus, 1758.
  • Indian Hare/Blacknaped Hare (Lepus nigricollis) F. Cuvier, 1823.
  • Wooly Hare (Lepus oiostolus) Hodgson, 1840

Family Ochotonidae: Pikas

  • Nubra Pika (Ochotona nubrica) Thomas, 1922.
  • Black-lipped Pika Ochotona curzoniae (Hodgson, 1858)
  • Forrest's Pika Ochotona forresti Thomas, 1923
  • Ladakh Pika Ochotona ladacensis (Gunther, 1875)
  • Large-eared Pika Ochotona macrotis (Gunther, 1875).
  • Himalayan Mouse-hare / Royle's Pika Ochotona roylei (Ogilby, 1839)
  • Mountain Pika Ochotona thibetana (Milne-Edwards, 1871)

See also



  • Fauna of India

References



Other references



  • Corbet G B, Hill J E. 1992. The mammals of the Indomalayan region: a systematic review. Oxford University Press.
  • Ellerman JR & T.C.S. Morrison-Scott. C. S. Morrison-Scott. 1951. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian mammals 1758 to 1946. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London
  • Prater, S.H. (1971) The Book of Indian Animals. Oxford University Press. (Third edition 1997)
  • Talmale, S.S. & Pradhan, M.S. (2009). A Checklist of Valid Indian Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mammalia) (PDF). Zoological Survey of India, Western Regional Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, PIN 411044. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  • Nameer, P.O. (2000) Checklist of Indian Mammals. Kerala Forest Department and Kerala Agricultural University. 90+xxv pp.[2]

External links



  • A sortable list of all mammals of India and their taxonomic status on Biodiversity of India database. This list is based on data obtained from the Jeev Sampada (IBIN) database. Taxonomy was created based on Catalogue of Life 2010 checklist.
  • http://www.cbsg.org/reports/reports/exec_sum/mammals_of_india_camp.pdf


 
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