Aquatic plants are used to give the freshwater aquarium a natural appearance, oxygenate the water, and provide habitat for fish, especially fry (babies) and for invertebrates. Some aquarium fish and invertebrates also eat live plants. Hobbyists use aquatic plants for aquascaping, of several aesthetic styles.
Most of these plant species are found either partially or fully submersed in their natural habitat. Although there are a handful of obligate aquatic plants that must be grown entirely under water, most can grow fully emersed if the soil is moist.
Listed alphabetically by scientific name
The taxonomy of most plant genera is not final. Scientific names listed here may therefore contradict other sources.
Common aquarium plant species:
False aquatics or pseudo-aquarium plants
Several species of terrestrial plants are frequently sold as "aquarium plants". While such plants are beautiful and can survive and even flourish for months under water, they will eventually die and must be removed so their decay does not contaminate the aquarium water.
- Acorus gramineus var. pusilus (Dwarf sedge, Japanese rush)
- Acorus gramineus var. variegatus (Dwarf sedge, Japanese rush)
- Aglaonema modestum (Chinese Evergreen)
- Aglaonema simplex
- Chlorophytum bichetii (Pongol sword)
- Dracaena sanderiana (Striped dragonplant)
- Hemigraphis colorata (Crimson ivy)
- Ophiopogon japonicus (Fountain plant)
- Pilea cadairei (Aluminum plant)
- Sciadopitys verticillata) (Umbrella pine, Koyamaki)
- Spathiphyllum tasson (Brazil Sword)
- Syngonium podophyllum (Stardust ivy)
- Hiscock, Peter (2003). Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. United States and Canada: Interpret Publishing. ISBNÂ 0-7641-5521-0.Â
- text for the Italian ed. by Francesco Bianchini ... et al.Â ; photos. by Giuseppe MazzaÂ ; American ed. edited by Michael K. Oliver (1976). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Freshwater and Marine Aquarium Fishes. New York, New York, United States: Simon & Schuster, Inc. ISBNÂ 0-671-22809-9.Â
- List of freshwater aquarium fish species