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Virginia is a genus of small, terrestrial, colubrid snakes, native to the United States. They are commonly referred to as earth snakes.

Species


Virginia (genus)
  • Virginia pulchra (Richmond, 1954) - mountain earth snake
  • Virginia striatula (Linnaeus, 1766) - rough earth snake
  • Virginia valeriae Baird & Girard, 1853 - smooth earth snake

Geographic range


Virginia (genus)
  • V. pulchra - eastern United States, from Pennsylvania to West Virginia
  • V. striatula - southeastern United States, from Oklahoma and Texas to North Carolina and Florida.
  • V. valeriae - eastern half of the United States, from Iowa and Texas to Pennsylvania and Florida.

Ranges overlap; it is unknown if hybridization occurs.

Description


Virginia (genus)

Virginia species are small snakes, rarely exceeding 10 inches (25 cm) in total length. They are normally a uniform brown color, with a lighter colored underside. Differentiating species can be difficult, but V. valeriae has smooth scales, whereas V. striatula has keeled scales. V. pulchra has weakly keeled scales.

Habitat


Virginia (genus)

Virginia species are fossorial, spending the vast majority of their time buried in loose soil, under rotting logs, or in leaf litter.

Diet


Virginia (genus)

They eat earthworms and soft bodied arthropods. They themselves are a food source for other species of snake, like the coral snake.

References


Virginia (genus)

Further reading


Virginia (genus)
  • Baird, S.F., and C.F. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part I.â€"Serpents. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, District of Columbia. xvi + 172 pp. (Genus Virginia, p. 127.)
  • Blanchard, F.N. 1923. The Snakes of the Genus Virginia. Papers Mich. Acad. Sci. 3: 343â€"365, illustrations.

External links


Virginia (genus)
  • South Carolina Reptiles & Amphibians
  • Snakes of Georgia & South Carolina
  • Genus Virginia at The Reptile Database



Virginia (genus)

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