Senin, 25 Mei 2015

Tropidophis, common name wood snake or West Indian wood snake, is a genus of dwarf boas endemic to the West Indies and South America. Currently, 17 species are recognized.

Description



Adults grow to between 30 and 60 cm (12 and 24 in) in total length (including tail). They are secretive and predominately terrestrial, found in a variety of natural habitats, including rain forest, swamps, pine woods and scrub, as well as in the vicinity of human habitation. They have a peculiar defensive habit of expelling blood from the mouth, nostrils and eyes when disturbed. Some species also change colour over the course of the day.

Despite their relatively small size and secretive nature, some species may be susceptible to extirpation, mainly due to habitat alteration and introduced feral animals. The Navassa Island dwarf boa, T. bucculentus, has not been seen for 100 years and is believed to be extinct.

Geographic range



Found in the West Indies, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador.

Species



*) Not including the nominate subspecies
T) Type species

The Reptile Database includes some further, newly-described species:

*) Not including the nominate subspecies

See also



  • List of tropidophiid species and subspecies
  • Tropidophiidae by common name
  • Tropidophiidae by taxonomic synonyms

References



Further reading



  • Bibron G. 1843. In: de la Sagra R. 1843. Historia fisica, politica y natural de la isla de Cuba. Segunda parte historia natural. Tomo IV. Reptiles y peces. Paris: Bertrand. 255 pp. + Plates I-V. (Tropidophis, new genus, p. 124). (in Spanish).
  • Boulenger GA. 1893. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume I., Containing the Families ... Boidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 448 pp. + Plates I-XXVIII. (Genus Ungalia [=Tropidophis], p. 110).
  • Freiberg M. 1982. Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Tropidophis, pp. 44, 80, 88, 188).
  • Schwartz A, Thomas R. 1975. A Check-list of West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 1. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 216 pp. (12 species of Tropidophis, pp. 191-196).

External links



  • Tropidophis at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 29 August 2007.


 
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