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Common names: temple vipers.

Tropidolaemus is a genus of venomous pitvipers found in southern India and Southeast Asia. Currently, 4 species are recognized and no subspecies.

Description


Tropidolaemus

Tropidolaemus are sexually dimorphic. Females can attain total lengths of up to 1 meter (39⅜ inches), but males are typically only around 75 cm (29½ inches). They have a distinctly broad, triangular-shaped head and a relatively thin body.

They are found in a wide variety of colours and patterns, which are often referred to as "phases". Some sources even classify the different phases as subspecies. Phases vary greatly from having a black or brown colouration as a base, with orange and yellow banding, to others having a light green as the base colour, with yellow or orange banding, and many variations therein.

Geographic range


Tropidolaemus

Tropidolaemus is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.

Behavior



These species are primarily arboreal, and are excellent climbers. They spend most of their time nearly motionless, in wait for prey to pass by. They may be diurnal or nocturnal, with their activity period depending on the temperature.

Feeding



The diet includes small mammals, birds, lizards and frogs.

Reproduction



The average litter consists of between twelve and fifteen young, with the neonates measuring 12â€"15 cm (4¾-5â…ž inches) in total length.

Species


Tropidolaemus

T) Type species.

Taxonomy


Tropidolaemus

The two species here were once classified as Trimeresurus, but were given their own genus due to distinct morphological characteristics.

One new species, T. laticinctus, was described recently by Kuch, Gumprecht and Melaun (2007). It is found on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. The type locality is "between L. Posso and Tomini Bay, Celebes" [= between Lake Poso and Tomini Bay, Province of Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia]."

See also



  • List of crotaline species and subspecies
  • Crotalinae by common name
  • Crotalinae by taxonomic synonyms
  • Snakebite

References



External links


Tropidolaemus
  • Tropidolaemus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 12 December 2007.
  • The Wagler Viper Page at Kingsnake.com. Accessed 27 September 2006.
  • WhoZoo: Wagler's Pit Viper at WhoZoo. Accessed 27 September 2006.


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