Senin, 04 Mei 2015

Oreoryzomys balneator, also known as the Peruvian rice rat or Ecuadoran Oryzomys, is a species of rodent in the tribe Oryzomyini of family Cricetidae. It is found in Ecuador and northern Peru in cloud forest at elevations from 1500 to 1800 m. It is the only species in the genus Oreoryzomys, which was included in Oryzomys until 2006. The genus name Oreoryzomys is a combination of ορος the Greek word for "mountain" with the old genus name Oryzomys and refers to the mountainous habitat of O. balneator. Recent research suggests that O. balneator is not closely related to Oryzomys, but instead is probably related to Microryzomys within a clade also including Neacomys and Oligoryzomys.

The back is olive brown and the belly fur white or yellow, with a sharp separation. The ears are short. At the base of the claws on the hind feet are tufts of hair. The long tail is sometimes a little darker on the upper side than on the bottom.



Literature cited

  • Musser, G. G.; Carleton, M. D. (2005). "Superfamily Muroidea". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 1146. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  • Tirira, D., Boada, C. & Weksler, M. (2008). Oreoryzomys balneator. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 24 April 2009.
  • Weksler, M.; Percequillo, A. R.; Voss, R. S. (2006-10-19). "Ten new genera of oryzomyine rodents (Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae)". American Museum Novitates (New York: American Museum of Natural History) 3537: 1â€"29. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2006)3537[1:TNGOOR]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0003-0082. hdl:2246/5815. 

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