- Common names: Mexican horned pitvipers.
Ophryacus is a genus of venomous pit vipers endemic to Mexico. The name is derived from the Greek word ophrys, which means "brow", and the Latin word acus, which means "needle", an allusion to the characteristic horn-like scales over the eyes. Currently, two species are recognized and no subspecies.
The larger of the two species, O. undulatus, grows to between 55 and 70Â cm (22 and 28Â in) in length. They are characterized by the presence of a single scale over the eye that takes the shape of either a long and relatively slender spine, or a flattened horn. Often, other supraocular scales are also shaped in such a way that they project slightly.
They are restricted to the mountains of central and southern Mexico.
T) Type species.
- List of crotaline species and subspecies
- Crotalinae by common name
- Crotalinae by taxonomic synonyms
- Ophryacus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 12 December 2007.