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This is a list of all genera, species and subspecies of the subfamily Viperinae, otherwise referred to as viperines, true vipers, pitless vipers or Old World vipers. It follows the taxonomy of McDiarmid et al. (1999) and ITIS. For a full list of common names, see Viperinae by common name.

  • Adenorhinos, Uzungwe mountain bush viper
    • Adenorhinos barbouri, Uzungwe mountain bush viper
  • Atheris, Bush vipers
    • Atheris anisolepis
    • Atheris ceratophora, Horned bush viper
    • Atheris chlorechis, Western bush viper
    • Atheris desaixi, Mount Kenya bush viper
    • Atheris hispida, Bristly bush viper
    • Atheris katangensis, Katanga mountain bush viper
    • Atheris nitschei, Great Lakes bush viper
      • Atheris nitschei nitschei, Great Lakes bush viper
      • Atheris nitschei rungweensis, Rungwe tree viper
    • Atheris squamigera, Rough-scaled bush viper
  • Bitis, Puff adders
    • Bitis arietans, Common puff adder
      • Bitis arietans arietans, Common puff adder
      • Bitis arietans somalica, Somali puff adder
    • Bitis atropos, Mountain adder
    • Bitis caudalis, Horned adder
    • Bitis cornuta, Many-horned adder
      • Bitis cornuta albanica, Eastern many-horned adder
      • Bitis cornuta cornuta, Western many-horned adder
    • Bitis gabonica, Gaboon viper (3003 Viper)
      • Bitis gabonica gabonica, East African gaboon viper
      • Bitis gabonica rhinoceros, West African gaboon viper
    • Bitis heraldica, Angolan adder
    • Bitis inornata, Plain mountain adder
    • Bitis nasicornis, Rhinoceros viper
    • Bitis parviocula, Ethiopian viper
    • Bitis peringueyi, Peringuey's desert adder
    • Bitis rubida, Red adder
    • Bitis schneideri, Namaqua dwarf adder
    • Bitis worthingtoni, Kenyan horned viper
    • Bitis xeropaga, Desert mountain adder
  • Cerastes, Horned vipers
    • Cerastes Boehmeii Tunesian horned viper
    • Cerastes cerastes, Saharan horned viper
    • Cerastes gasperettii, Arabian horned viper
    • Cerastes vipera, Sahara sand viper
  • Daboia, Russell's viper
    • Daboia russelii, Russell's viper
      • Daboia russelii russelii, Indian Russell's viper
      • Daboia russelii siamensis, Eastern Russell's viper
  • Echis, Saw-scaled vipers
    • Echis carinatus, Saw-scaled viper
      • Echis carinatus astolae, Astola saw-scaled viper
      • Echis carinatus carinatus, South Indian saw-scaled viper
      • Echis carinatus multisquamatus, Central Asian saw-scaled viper
      • Echis carinatus sinhaleyus, Sri Lankan saw-scaled viper
      • Echis carinatus sochureki, Sochurek's saw-scaled viper
    • Echis coloratus, Painted saw-scaled viper
    • Echis hughesi, Hughes' saw-scaled viper
    • Echis jogeri, Joger’s saw-scaled viper
    • Echis leucogaster, White-bellied saw-scaled viper
    • Echis megalocephalus, Cherlin's saw-scaled viper
    • Echis ocellatus, West African saw-scaled viper
    • Echis pyramidum, Egyptian saw-scaled viper
      • Echis pyramidum aliaborri, Red carpet viper
      • Echis pyramidum leakeyi, Kenyan carpet viper
      • Echis pyramidum pyramidum, Egyptian saw-scaled viper
  • Eristicophis, McMahon's desert viper
    • Eristicophis macmahonii, McMahon's desert viper
  • Macrovipera, Large Palearctic vipers
    • Macrovipera deserti, Desert viper
    • Macrovipera lebetina, Blunt-nosed viper
      • Macrovipera lebetina cernovi
      • Macrovipera lebetina lebetina, Blunt-nosed viper
      • Macrovipera lebetina obtusa, West-Asian blunt-nosed viper
      • Macrovipera lebetina transmediterranea
      • Macrovipera lebetina turanica, Turan blunt-nosed viper
    • Macrovipera mauritanica, Moorish viper
    • Macrovipera schweizeri, Milos viper
    • Montatheris hindii, Montane viper
  • Proatheris, Lowland swamp viper
    • Proatheris superciliaris, Lowland swamp viper
  • Pseudocerastes, Persian horned viper
    • Pseudocerastes persicus, Persian horned viper
      • Pseudocerastes persicus fieldi, Field's horned viper


  • Vipera, Palearctic vipers
    • Montivipera bornmuelleri, Lebanon viper (Endangered)
    • Montivipera bulgardaghica, Mount Bulgar viper
    • Vipera albicornuta, Iranian mountain viper
    • Vipera albizona, Central Turkish mountain viper
    • Vipera altaica , Kazachstan viper
    • Vipera ammodytes, Sand viper
      • Vipera ammodytes ammodytes, Western sand viper
      • Vipera ammodytes gregorwallneri
      • Vipera ammodytes meridionalis, Eastern sand viper
      • Vipera ammodytes montandoni, Transdanubian sand viper
      • Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana, Transcaucasian sand viper
    • Vipera anatolica , Anatolian viper (Critically endangered)
    • Vipera aspis, Asp viper
      • Vipera aspis aspis, European asp
      • Vipera aspis atra, Black asp
      • Vipera aspis francisciredi, Central Italian asp
      • Vipera aspis hugyi, Southern Italian asp
      • Vipera aspis zinnikeri, Gascony asp
    • Vipera barani, Baran's adder
    • Vipera berus,common viper, Adder
      • Vipera berus berus, Common European adder
      • Vipera berus bosniensis, Balkan cross adder
      • Vipera berus sachalinensis, Sakhalin Island adder
    • Vipera bornmuelleri, Bornmuellers viper
    • Vipera darevskii, Darevsky’s viper
    • Vipera dinniki, Dinnik’s viper
    • Vipera ebneri , Iranian Mountain Steppe viper
    • Vipera eriwanensisArmenian Steppe viper
    • Vipera kaznakovi, Caucasus viper
    • Vipera latastei, Lataste's viper
      • Vipera latastei gaditana
      • Vipera latastei latastei, Lataste's viper
    • Vipera latifii, Latifi's viper
    • Vipera lotievi, Caucasian meadow viper
    • Vipera magnifica Magnificent viper
    • Vipera monticola, Atlas mountain viper
    • Vipera nikolskii, Nikolski’s viper
    • Vipera orlovi, Orlov's viper (critically Endangered)
    • Vipera palaestinae, Palestine viper
    • Vipera pontica, Pontic adder,Black sea viper
    • Vipera raddei, Rock viper
      • Vipera raddei kurdistanica ,Kurdistan viper
    • Vipera renardi Steppe viper
      • Vipera renardi renardi
      • Vipera renardi parursini
    • Vipera renardi tienshanica Kasackstan Steppe viper
    • Vipera seoanei, Baskian viper
      • Vipera seoanei cantabrica
      • Vipera seoanei seoanei, Baskian viper
    • Vipera transscaucasicana, Transcaucasian longnose viper
    • Vipera ursiniicomplex, Meadow vipers
      • Vipera ursinii graeca, Greek meadow viper
      • Vipera ursinii macrops, Albanian meadow viper
      • Vipera ursinii moldavica,Romanian meadow viper
      • Vipera ursinii rakosiensis,Hungarian meadow viper
      • Vipera ursinii wettsteini,Provence meadow viper
      • Vipera ursinii ursini , Italian meadow viper
    • Vipera wagneri, Ocellated mountain viper
    • Vipera xanthina, Rock viper

See also



  • Viperinae by common name
  • Viperinae by taxonomic synonyms
  • Snakebite

References




List of viperine species and subspecies

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