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This is a list of all genera, species and subspecies of the subfamily Crotalinae, otherwise referred to as crotalines, pit vipers or pitvipers. It follows the taxonomy currently provided by ITIS, which is based on the continuing work of Dr. Roy McDiarmid.

  • Agkistrodon, American ground pitvipers
    • Agkistrodon bilineatus, Mexican ground pitviper
      • Agkistrodon bilineatus bilineatus, Mexican ground pitviper
      • Agkistrodon bilineatus howardgloydi, Castellana
      • Agkistrodon bilineatus russeolus, Yucatecan ground pitviper
      • Agkistrodon bilineatus taylori, Taylor's ground pitviper
    • Agkistrodon contortrix, Copperhead
      • Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix, Southern copperhead
      • Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus, Broad-banded copperhead
      • Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen, Northern copperhead
      • Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster, Osage copperhead
      • Agkistrodon contortrix pictigaster, Trans-pecos copperhead
    • Agkistrodon piscivorus, Cottonmouth
      • Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti, Florida cottonmouth
      • Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma, Western cottonmouth
      • Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus, Eastern cottonmouth
  • Atropoides, Jumping vipers
    • Atropoides nummifer, Mexican jumping pitviper
      • Atropoides nummifer mexicanus, Central American jumping pitviper
      • Atropoides nummifer nummifer, Mexican jumping pitviper
      • Atropoides nummifer occiduus, Guatemalan jumping pitviper
    • Atropoides olmec, Tuxtlan jumping pitviper
    • Atropoides picadoi, Picado's jumping pit viper
  • Bothriechis, American palm pitvipers
    • Bothriechis aurifer, Yellow-blotched palm-pitviper
    • Bothriechis bicolor, Guatemalan palm-pitviper
    • Bothriechis lateralis, Side-striped palm-pitviper
    • Bothriechis marchi, Honduran palm-pitviper
    • Bothriechis nigroviridis, Black-speckled palm-pitviper
    • Bothriechis rowleyi, Mexican palm-pitviper
    • Bothriechis schlegelii, Eyelash palm-pitviper
    • Bothriechis thalassinus, Merendon palm-pitviper
  • Bothriopsis, American forest pitvipers
    • Bothriopsis bilineata, Two-striped forest-pitviper
      • Bothriopsis bilineata bilineata
      • Bothriopsis bilineata smaragdinus
    • Bothriopsis medusa, Venezuelan forest-pitviper
    • Bothriopsis oligolepis, Peruvian forest-pitviper
    • Bothriopsis peruviana
    • Bothriopsis pulchra, Andean forest-pitviper
    • Bothriopsis punctata, Chocoan lancehead
    • Bothriopsis taeniata, Speckled forest-pitviper
      • Bothriopsis taeniata lichenosa
      • Bothriopsis taeniata taeniata
  • Bothrops, American lancehead pitvipers
    • Bothrops alternatus, Urutu
    • Bothrops ammodytoides, Patagonian lancehead
    • Bothrops andianus, Andean lancehead
    • Bothrops asper, Terciopelo/Fer-de-lance
    • Bothrops atrox, Common lancehead
    • Bothrops barnetti, Barnett's lancehead
    • Bothrops brazili, Brazil's lancehead
    • Bothrops campbelli, Ecuadorian toadheaded pitviper
    • Bothrops caribbaeus, Saint Lucia lancehead
    • Bothrops colombianus, Colombian toadheaded pitviper
    • Bothrops cotiara, Cotiara
    • Bothrops erythromelas, Caatinga lancehead
    • Bothrops fonsecai, Fonseca's lancehead
    • Bothrops hyoprorus, Amazonian toadheaded pitviper
    • Bothrops iglesiasi, Cerrado lancehead
    • Bothrops insularis, Golden lancehead
    • Bothrops itapetiningae, São Paulo lancehead
    • Bothrops jararaca, Jararaca
    • Bothrops jararacussu, Jararacussu
    • Bothrops jonathani, Cochabamba lancehead
    • Bothrops lanceolatus, Martinique lancehead
    • Bothrops leucurus, Bahia lancehead
    • Bothrops lojanus, Lojan lancehead
    • Bothrops marajoensis, Marajó lancehead
    • Bothrops microphthalmus, Small-eyed toadheaded pitviper
    • Bothrops moojeni, Brazilian lancehead
    • Bothrops neuwiedi, Neuwied's lancehead
      • Bothrops neuwiedi bolivianus
      • Bothrops neuwiedi diporus, Chaco lancehead
      • Bothrops neuwiedi goyazensis
      • Bothrops neuwiedi lutzi, Cerrado lancehead
      • Bothrops neuwiedi mattogrossensis, Mato Grosso lancehead
      • Bothrops neuwiedi meridionalis
      • Bothrops neuwiedi neuwiedi, Neuwied's lancehead
      • Bothrops neuwiedi paramanensis
      • Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis, Black-faced lancehead
      • Bothrops neuwiedi piauhyensis
      • Bothrops neuwiedi pubescens, Pampas lancehead
      • Bothrops neuwiedi urutu
    • Bothrops pictus, Desert lancehead
    • Bothrops pirajai, Piraja's lancehead
    • Bothrops pradoi
    • Bothrops sanctaecrucis, Bolivian lancehead
    • Bothrops venezuelensis, Venezuelan lancehead
  • Calloselasma, Malayan ground pitvipers
    • Calloselasma rhodostoma, Malayan ground pitviper
  • Cerrophidion, American mountain pitvipers (Montane pitvipers)
    • Cerrophidion barbouri, Barbour's montane pitviper
    • Cerrophidion godmani, Godman's montane pitviper
    • Cerrophidion tzotzilorum, Tzotzil montane pitviper
  • Crotalus, Common rattlesnakes
    • Crotalus adamanteus, Eastern diamondback rattlesnake
    • Crotalus aquilus, Queretaran dusky rattlesnake
    • Crotalus atrox, Western diamondback rattlesnake
    • Crotalus basiliscus, Mexican west coast rattlesnake
    • Crotalus catalinensis, Catalina Island rattlesnake
    • Crotalus cerastes, Sidewinder
      • Crotalus cerastes cerastes, Mojave desert sidewinder
      • Crotalus cerastes cercobombus, Sonoran sidewinder
      • Crotalus cerastes laterorepens, Colorado desert sidewinder
    • Crotalus durissus, South American rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus cumanensis, Venezuelan rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus durissus, Cascabel rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus marajoensis, Marajoan rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus maricelae
      • Crotalus durissus ruruima, Mt. Roraima rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus terrificus, South American rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus trigonicus, Rupunini rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus unicolor, Aruba Island rattlesnake
      • Crotalus durissus vegrandis, Uracoan rattlesnake
    • Crotalus enyo, Baja rattlesnake
      • Crotalus enyo cerralvensis, Cerralvo Island rattlesnake
      • Crotalus enyo enyo, Lower California rattlesnake
      • Crotalus enyo furvus, Rosario rattlesnake
    • Crotalus horridus, Timber rattlesnake
    • Crotalus intermedius, Mexican small-headed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus intermedius gloydi, Oaxacan small-headed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus intermedius intermedius, Totalcan small-headed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus intermedius omiltemanus, Omilteman small-headed rattlesnake
    • Crotalus lannomi, Autlan rattlesnake
    • Crotalus lepidus, Rock rattlesnake
      • Crotalus lepidus klauberi, Banded rock rattlesnake
      • Crotalus lepidus lepidus, Mottled rock rattlesnake
      • Crotalus lepidus maculosus, Durango rock rattlesnake
      • Crotalus lepidus morulus, Tamaulipan rock rattlesnake
    • Crotalus mitchellii, Speckled rattlesnake
      • Crotalus mitchellii angelensis, Angel de la Guarda Island speckled rattlesnake
      • Crotalus mitchellii mitchellii, San Lucan speckled rattlesnake
      • Crotalus mitchellii muertensis, El Muerto Island speckled rattlesnake
      • Crotalus mitchellii pyrrhus, Southwestern speckled rattlesnake
      • Crotalus mitchellii stephensi, Panamint rattlesnake
    • Crotalus molossus, Black-tailed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus molossus estebanensis, San Esteban Island black-tailed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus molossus molossus, Northern black-tailed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus molossus nigrescens, Mexican black-tailed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus molossus oaxacus, Oaxacan black-tailed rattlesnake
    • Crotalus oreganus, Western rattlesnake
      • Crotalus oreganus abyssus, Grand Canyon rattlesnake
      • Crotalus oreganus caliginis, Coronado Island rattlesnake
      • Crotalus oreganus cerberus, Arizona black rattlesnake
      • Crotalus oreganus concolor, Midget faded rattlesnake
      • Crotalus oreganus helleri, Southern Pacific rattlesnake
      • Crotalus oreganus lutosus, Great Basin rattlesnake
      • Crotalus oreganus oreganus, Northern Pacific rattlesnake
    • Crotalus polystictus, Mexican lancehead rattlesnake
    • Crotalus pricei, Twin-spotted rattlesnake
      • Crotalus pricei miquihuanus, Eastern twin spotted rattlesnake
      • Crotalus pricei pricei, Western twin spotted rattlesnake
    • Crotalus pusillus, Tancitaran dusky rattlesnake
    • Crotalus ruber, Red diamond rattlesnake
      • Crotalus ruber lorenzoensis, San Lorenzo Island diamond rattlesnake
      • Crotalus ruber lucansensis, San Lucan diamond rattlesnake
      • Crotalus ruber ruber, Red diamond rattlesnake
    • Crotalus scutulatus, Mojave rattlesnake
      • Crotalus scutulatus salvini, Huamantlan rattlesnake
      • Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus, Mojave rattlesnake
    • Crotalus simus, Middle American rattlesnake
      • Crotalus simus culminatus, Northwestern neotropical rattlesnake
      • Crotalus simus simus, Middle American rattlesnake
      • Crotalus simus tzabcan, Yucatán neotropical rattlesnake
    • Crotalus stejnegeri, Long-tail rattlesnake
    • Crotalus tigris, Tiger rattlesnake
    • Crotalus tortugensis, Tortuga Island diamond rattlesnake
    • Crotalus totonacus, Totonacan rattlesnake
    • Crotalus transversus, Cross-banded mountain rattlesnake
    • Crotalus triseriatus, Dusky rattlesnake
      • Crotalus triseriatus armstrongi, Western dusky rattlesnake
      • Crotalus triseratus triseriatus, Dusky rattlesnake
    • Crotalus viridis, Prairie rattlesnake
      • Crotalus viridis nuntius, Hopi rattlesnake
      • Crotalus viridis viridis, Prairie rattlesnake
    • Crotalus willardi, Ridge-nosed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus willardi amabilis, Del Nido ridge-nosed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus willardi meridionalis, Southern ridge-nosed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus willardi obscurus, New Mexican ridge-nosed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus willardi silus, Western Chihuahuan ridge-nosed rattlesnake
      • Crotalus willardi willardi, Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
  • Deinagkistrodon, Hundred-pace vipers
    • Deinagkistrodon acutus, Hundred-pace viper
  • Gloydius Asian ground pitvipers
    • Gloydius blomhoffii, Japanese mamushi
      • Gloydius blomhoffii blomhoffii, Japanese mamushi
      • Gloydius blomhoffii brevicaudus, Short-tailed mamushi
      • Gloydius blomhoffii dubitatus, Tung Ling mamushi
      • Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus, Yangtze mamushi
    • Gloydius halys, Siberian pitviper
      • Gloydius halys boehmei, Boehme's pitviper
      • Gloydius halys caraganus, Karaganda pitviper
      • Gloydius halys cognatus, Alashan pitviper
      • Gloydius halys halys, Siberian pitviper
      • Gloydius halys mogoi
    • Gloydius himalayanus, Himalayan pitviper
    • Gloydius intermedius, Central Asian pitviper
      • Gloydius intermedius caucasicus, Caucasian pit viper
      • Gloydius intermedius intermedius, Central Asian pit viper
      • Gloydius intermedius stejnegeri, Gobi pit viper
    • Gloydius monticola, Likiang pitviper
    • Gloydius saxatilis, Rock mamushi
    • Gloydius shedaoensis, Shedao island pitviper
    • Gloydius strauchi, Strauch's pitviper
    • Gloydius ussuriensis, Ussuri mamushi
  • Hypnale, Humpnose vipers
    • Hypnale hypnale, Hump-nosed viper
    • Hypnale nepa, Sri Lankan hump-nosed viper
    • Hypnale walli, Wall's hump-nosed viper
  • Lachesis, Bushmasters
    • Lachesis melanocephala, Black-headed bushmaster
    • Lachesis muta, South American bushmaster
      • Lachesis muta muta, South American bushmaster
      • Lachesis muta rhombeata, Atlantic Forest bushmaster
    • Lachesis stenophrys, Central American bushmaster
  • Ophryacus, Mexican horned pitvipers
    • Ophryacus melanurus, Black-tailed horned pitviper
    • Ophryacus undulatus, Mexican horned pitviper
  • Ovophis, Asian mountain pitvipers
    • Ovophis chaseni, Mount Kinabalu pitviper
    • Ovophis monticola, Mountain pitviper
      • Ovophis monticola convictus, Indo-Malayan mountain pitviper
      • Ovophis monticola makazayazaya, Taiwan mountain pitviper
      • Ovophis monticola monticola, Mountain pitviper
      • Ovophis monticola zayuensis, Zayuan mountain pitviper
      • Ovophis monticola zhaokentangi, Gaoligong mountain pitviper
    • Ovophis okinavensis, Okinawa pitviper
  • Porthidium, Hognosed pit vipers
    • Porthidium dunni, Dunn's hognosed pitviper
    • Porthidium hespere, Colima hognosed pitviper
    • Porthidium lansbergii, Lansberg's hognosed pitviper
      • Porthidium lansbergii arcosae, Manabí hognosed pitviper
      • Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni
      • Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii, Lansberg's hognosed pitviper
      • Porthidium lansbergii rozei
    • Porthidium nasutum, Rainforest hognosed pitviper
    • Porthidium ophryomegas, Slender hognosed pitviper
    • Porthidium volcanicum, Ujarran hognosed pitviper
    • Porthidium yucatanicum, Yucatán hognosed pitviper
  • Sistrurus, Minor rattlesnakes
    • Sistrurus catenatus, Massasauga
      • Sistrurus catenatus catenatus, Eastern massasauga
      • Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii, Desert massasauga
      • Sistrurus catenatus tergeminus, Western massasauga
    • Sistrurus miliarius, Pigmy rattlesnake
      • Sistrurus miliarius barbouri, Dusky pigmy rattlesnake
      • Sistrurus miliarius miliarius, Carolina pigmy rattlesnake
      • Sistrurus miliarius streckeri, Western pigmy rattlesnake
    • Sistrurus ravus, Mexican pigmy rattlesnake
      • Sistrurus ravus brunneus, Oaxacan pigmy rattlesnake
      • Sistrurus ravus exigus, Guerreran pigmy rattlesnake
      • Sistrurus ravus ravus, Central Plateau pigmy rattlesnake
  • Trimeresurus, Asian lancehead pitvipers (Tree pitvipers)
    • Trimeresurus albolabris, White-lipped pitviper
      • Trimeresurus albolabris albolabris, White-lipped pitviper
      • Trimeresurus albolabris insularis, White-lipped island pitviper
      • Trimeresurus albolabris septentrionalis, Northern white-lipped pitviper
    • Trimeresurus borneensis, Bornean pitviper
    • Trimeresurus brongersmai, Brongersma's pitviper
    • Trimeresurus cantori, Cantor's pitviper
    • Trimeresurus cornutus, Fan-Si-Pan horned pitviper
    • Trimeresurus elegans, Elegant pitviper
    • Trimeresurus erythrurus, Red-tailed bamboo pitviper
    • Trimeresurus fasciatus, Banded pitviper
    • Trimeresurus flavomaculatus, Philippine pitviper
      • Trimeresurus flavomaculatus flavomaculatus, Philippine pitviper
      • Trimeresurus flavomaculatus halieus
      • Trimeresurus flavomaculatus mcgregori, McGregor's pitviper
    • Trimeresurus flavoviridis, Habu
    • Trimeresurus gracilis, Kikushi habu
    • Trimeresurus gramineus, Bamboo pitviper
    • Trimeresurus hageni, Hagen's pitviper
    • Trimeresurus jerdonii, Jerdon's pitviper
      • Trimeresurus jerdonii bourreti, Bourret's pitviper
      • Trimeresurus jerdonii jerdonii, Jerdon's pitviper
      • Trimeresurus jerdonii xanthomelas, Red spotted pitviper
    • Trimeresurus kanburiensis, Kanburi pitviper
    • Trimeresurus karanshahi
    • Trimeresurus kaulbacki, Kaulback's lance-headed pitviper
    • Trimeresurus labialis, Nicobar bamboo pitviper
    • Trimeresurus macrolepis, Large-scaled pitviper
    • Trimeresurus macrops, Large-eyed pitviper
    • Trimeresurus malabaricus, Malabar rock pitviper
    • Trimeresurus mangshanensis, Mangshan pitviper
    • Trimeresurus medoensis, Motuo bamboo pitviper
    • Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus, Brown spotted pitviper
    • Trimeresurus popeorum, Pope's bamboo pitviper
      • Trimeresurus popeorum barati, Barat bamboo pitviper
      • Trimeresurus popeorum popeorum, Pope's bamboo pitviper
      • Trimeresurus popeorum sabahi, Sabah bamboo pitviper
    • Trimeresurus puniceus, Flat-nosed pitviper
    • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus, Mangrove pit viper
      • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni, Nicobar mangrove pit viper
      • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus purpureomaculatus, Mangrove pit viper
    • Trimeresurus schultzei, Schultze's pitviper
    • Trimeresurus stejnegeri, Stejneger's bamboo pitviper
      • Trimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii, Chen's bamboo pitviper
      • Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri, Stejneger's bamboo pitviper
      • Trimeresurus stejnegeri yunnanensis, Yunnan bamboo pitviper
    • Trimeresurus strigatus, Horseshoe pitviper
    • Trimeresurus sumatranus, Sumatran pitviper
      • Trimeresurus sumatranus malcolmi, Malcolm's pitviper
      • Trimeresurus sumatranus sumatranus, Sumatran pitviper
    • Trimeresurus tibetanus, Tibetan bamboo pitviper
    • Trimeresurus tokarensis, Tokara habu
    • Trimeresurus trigonocephalus, Sri Lankan green pitviper
    • Trimeresurus xiangchengensis, Kham Plateau pitviper
  • Tropidolaemus, Temple vipers
    • Tropidolaemus huttoni, Hutton's temple viper
    • Tropidolaemus laticinctus, Broad-banded temple pit viper
    • Tropidolaemus subannulatus, Bornean keeled green pit viper
    • Tropidolaemus wagleri, Wagler's pit viper

See also


List of crotaline species and subspecies
  • Crotalinae by common name
  • Crotalinae by taxonomic synonyms

References





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