The Jamaican Boa or yellow snake (Epicrates subflavus) is a nonvenomous boa species endemic to Jamaica. No subspecies are currently recognized.
The Jamaican boa is golden yellow around the head and along the front part of the body, with black zigzag crossbars, becoming black toward the posterior end of its body. The snake's body is quite long, up to 2 metres (6Â feet 7Â inches) in total length.
Found in Jamaica, including Goat Island. The type locality given is "Jamaica".
Moist limestone forests.
This species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with the following criteria: A2ce (v2.3, 1994). A species is listed as such when the best available evidence indicates that a population decline of 20% is expected within the next ten years or three generations, whichever is the longer, due to a decline in the quality and area of occupancy. It is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. Year assessed: 1996.
Their natural habitat is being destroyed, which is forcing them into inhabited areas, where they are captured and killed. Some measures have been taken to afford these animals some protection:
- Listed as a Protected species under the Wild Life protection Act (1945).
- Listed on Appendix I of CITES.
- Hunting in Forest reserves is also prohibited under the Forest Act (1996).
- List of boine species and subspecies
- Boinae by common name
- Boinae by taxonomic synonyms
- Stejneger, L. 1901. A New Systematic Name for the Yellow Boa of Jamaica. Proc. U.S. National Museum 23: 469-470.
- Video - Yellow Boa at Windsor Cave (2014) - Jamaican Caves Organisation - 408 MB mp4.
- Epicrates subflavus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 7 July 2008.