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Geophis is a genus of colubrid snakes that belong to the Xenodontinae subfamily and are typically referred to as Latin American earth snakes (Spanish: culebra minera or culebra minadora). The genus consists of over forty distinct species.

Species



The following 49 species are recognized as being valid.

  • Geophis anocularis Dunn, 1920 - culebra minera de Sierra Mije
  • Geophis betaniensis J.H. Restrepo & J.W. Wright, 1987
  • Geophis bellus Myers, 2003
  • Geophis bicolor Günther, 1868 - culebra minera del Altiplano
  • Geophis blanchardi Taylor & H.M. Smith, 1939 - culebra minera de Blanchard
  • Geophis brachycephalus (Cope, 1871)
  • Geophis cancellatus H.M. Smith, 1941 - culebra minera de Chiapas
  • Geophis carinosus L.C. Stuart, 1941 - culebra minera aquillada
  • Geophis chalybeus (Wagler, 1830) - culebra minera veracruzana
  • Geophis championi Boulenger, 1894
  • Geophis damiani Wilson, McCranie & K.L. Williams
  • Geophis downsi Savage, 1981
  • Geophis dubius (W. Peters, 1861) - culebra minera de la Mesa del Sur
  • Geophis duellmani H.M. Smith & Holland, 1969 - culebra minera de Sierra de Juárez
  • Geophis dugesii Bocourt, 1883 - culebra minera de Chihuahua
  • Geophis dunni K.P. Schmidt, 1932
  • Geophis fulvoguttatus Mertens, 1952
  • Geophis godmani Boulenger, 1894
  • Geophis hoffmanni (W. Peters, 1859)
  • Geophis immaculatus Downs, 1967 - culebra minera inmaculada
  • Geophis incomptus Duellman, 1959 - culebra minera de Sierra Coacolman
  • Geophis isthmicus (Boulenger, 1894) - culebra minera de Tehuantepec
  • Geophis juarezi Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2003
  • Geophis juliai Pérez-Higareda, H.M. Smith & López-Luna, 2001
  • Geophis laticinctus H.M. Smith & K.L. Williams, 1963 - culebra minera de la Mesa Central
  • Geophis laticollaris H.M. Smith, Lynch & Altig, 1965
  • Geophis latifrontalis Garman, 1883 - culebra minera potosina
  • Geophis maculiferus Taylor, 1941 - culebra minera michoacana
  • Geophis mutitorques (Cope, 1885) - culebra minera de tierras altas
  • Geophis nasalis (Cope, 1868) - culeba minera del café
  • Geophis nephodrymus Townsend & Wilson, 2006
  • Geophis nigroalbus Boulenger, 1908
  • Geophis nigrocinctus Duellman, 1959 - culebra minera rayas negras
  • Geophis occabus Pavón-Vázquez et al., 2011
  • Geophis omiltemanus Günther, 1893 - culebra minera guerrerense
  • Geophis petersii Boulenger, 1894
  • Geophis pyburni Campbell & Murphy, 1977 - culebra minadora de Pyburn
  • Geophis rhodogaster (Cope, 1868)
  • Geophis rostralis (Jan, 1865)
  • Geophis russatus H.M. Smith & K.L. Williams, 1966 - culebra minadora roja
  • Geophis ruthveni F. Werner, 1925
  • Geophis sallaei Boulenger, 1894 - culebra minadora de Sallé
  • Geophis semidoliatus (A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854) - culebra minadora coralillo
  • Geophis sieboldi (Jan, 1862) - culebra minadora de Siebold
  • Geophis talamancae Lips & Savage, 1994
  • Geophis tarascae Hartweg, 1959 - culebra minadora tarasca
  • Geophis tectus Savage & J.I. Watling, 2008
  • Geophis turbidus Pavón-Vázquez et al., 2013
  • Geophis zeledoni Taylor, 1954

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Geophis.

References



Further reading



  • Boulenger GA. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Genus Geophis, pp. 314-315).
  • Freiberg M. 1982. Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Geophis, pp. 69, 70, 98).
  • Wagler J. 1830. Natürliches system der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugthiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. Munich, Stuttgart and Tübingen: J.G. Cotta. vi + 354 pp. + one plate. (Geophis, new genus, p. 342). (in German and Latin).


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