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Cephalogale is an extinct genus of bear-like hemicyonid carnivores of the late Oligocene through Miocene epochs, endemic to North America and Europe living from around 33.9â€"20 Mya, existing for about 33.9-20 million years.

Before it was reconsidered to be close to the ancestry of hemicyonids, Cephalogale was once considered to be an ancestor of all bears.

Taxonomy


Cephalogale

Cephalogale was named by Henri Filhol in 1879. Its type is Cephalogale geoffroyi. It was assigned to Ursidae by Carroll (1988); to Hemicyoninae by Hunt (1998); and to Ursoidea by Wang et al. (2005).

Fossil distribution


alt="Cephalogale" style="width:400px;display:block;margin-left: auto;margin-right: auto" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Medved_mzoo.jpg/300px-Medved_mzoo.jpg">
  • DÄ›taň, Czech Republic about 33.9â€"28.4 Mya
  • Cetina de Aragon, Spain about 22.4â€"20 Mya
  • Standing Rock Quarry, Zia Sand Formation, Sandoval County, New Mexico about 24.8â€"20.6 Mya
  • Agate Springs Quarries, Sioux County, Nebraska about 23â€"5.3 Mya
  • Hemingford Quarry 12D, Runningwater Formation, Box Butte County, Nebraska about 20.6â€"16.3 Mya

References




Cephalogale

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