Minggu, 24 Mei 2015

Calliophis is a genus of venomous elapid snakes, one of several known commonly as oriental coral snakes or Asian coral snakes.



Species in this genus are:

  • Calliophis beddomei (M.A. Smith, 1943) â€" Beddome's coral snake (India)
  • Calliophis bibroni (Jan, 1858) â€" Bibron's coral snake (India)
  • Calliophis bivirgatus (F. Boie, 1827) â€" blue Malaysian coral snake (Indonesia, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand)
  • Calliophis castoe E.N. Smith, Ogale, Deepak & Giri, 2012 â€" Castoe’s coral snake (India)
  • Calliophis gracilis</i> Gray, 1835 â€" spotted coral snake (Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore)
  • Calliophis haematoetron E.N. Smith, Manamendra-Arachchi & Somweera, 2008 â€" blood-bellied coral snake (Sri Lanka)
  • Calliophis intestinalis (Laurenti, 1768) â€" banded Malaysian coral snake (Indonesia, Malaysia)
  • Calliophis maculiceps (Günther, 1858) â€" speckled coral snake (Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos)
  • Calliophis melanurus (Shaw, 1802) â€" Indian coral snake (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka)
  • Calliophis nigrescens (Günther, 1862) â€" black coral snake (India)

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Calliophis.



The former Calliophis calligaster, the barred coral snake (Philippines), is now in the genus Hemibungarus.

Both Kellogg's coral snake (formerly C. kelloggi ) (Vietnam, Laos, China) and MacClelland's coral snake (formerly C. macclellandi ) are now in the genus Sinomicrurus.



Snakes of the genus Calliophis are semifossorial.


Further reading

  • Boulenger GA. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ), ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Genus Callophis [sic], p. 396).
  • Gray JE. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology; Chiefly Selected from the Collection of Major-General Hardwicke, F.R.S., ... Vol. II. London: Adolphus Richter and Co. 102 plates. (Calliophis gracilis, Plate 86, Figures 1 & 3).
  • Smith MA. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia, Vol. III.â€"Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. (Genus Callophis [sic], pp. 418-419).

External links

  • Genus Calliophis at The Reptile Database

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